Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Kallstroemia pubescens



This species is usually known as:

Kallstroemia pubescens


This species has also been known as:

Kallstroemia caribaea, Kallstroemia glabrata, Kallstroemia longipes, Tribulus caribaea, Tribulus glabrata, Tribulus longipes, Tribulus pubescens


Common names:

Caribbean Caltrop



Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Kallstroemia pubescens: 8]



Popularity of Kallstroemia pubescens over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Kallstroemia pubescens (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Kallstroemia pubescens as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]



[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 28]


13C NMR (1), kallstroemia pubescens (3), callus (2), binucleate cells (1), cell biology (1), chemical composition (1), chromosome number (1), composition (1), culture media (1), cytogenetic analysis (1), diosgenin (1), diosgenin glycosides (1), enzyme immunoassay of diosgenin (1), epimeric mixture identification (1), genetic variation (1), genotype (1), Kallstroemia tribuloides (1), organogenesis (1), plant biochemistry (1), plant physiology (1), ploidy (1), spirostanes (1), steroidal sapogenin (1), tissue culture (1), Zygophyllaceae (1)


[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]



Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]


Insufficient data to carry out a crop use/product analysis




Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]


Villaseñor JL (2016) Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87, 559-902.



References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Kallstroemia pubescens: 8; Any undated papers have been included at the end]


Mahato SB (1991) Glycosides, saponins and sapogenins. In ‘Second Supplements to the 2nd Edition of Rodd’s Chemistry of Carbon Compounds’ (Ed.^(Eds Malcolm S) pp. 509-554. (Elsevier: Amsterdam).

Filho JMB, Medeiros DF, Fatima Agra MD and Bhattacharyya J (1989) Spirostanes of Kallstroemia tribuloides: identification of C-25 epimers in mixture by 13C NMR spectroscopy. Phytochemistry 28, 1985-1986.

Sengupta J, Mitra GC and Sharma AK (1987) Study of chromosomes in two callus lines and in regenerated plants of Kallstroemia pubescens (G. Don) Dandy. Cytologia. 52, 767-770.

Sarkar M and Mahato SB (1984) Homogeneous enzyme immunoassay of diosgenin and its glycosides. Analytical Biochemistry 136, 168-174.

Datta SK, Datta K and Chattopadhyay S (1983) Pharmacognosy of Kallstroemia pubescens, a potential source of diosgenin. Tropical plant science research., 4.

Khanna KR, Srivastava SN, Dixit BS and Singh SP (1981) Kallstroemia pubescens as diosgenin yielding crop. Indian journal of pharmaceutical sciences. 43, 172-175.

Mahato SB, Sahu NP and Roy SK (1981) High-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of diosgenin in plants. Journal of Chromatography A 206, 169-173.

Ewusie JY and Quaye EC (1977) DIURNAL PERIODICITY IN SOME COMMON FLOWERS. New Phytologist 78, 479-485.

Sengupta J Organogenetic and cytological studies of Kallstroemia pubescens callus culture. Proceedings of National Symposium on Applied Biotechnology of Medicinal Aromatic and Timber Yielding Plants : held on 12th & 13th January 1984, [chief editor, P.C. Datta]. 275-279.


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct; Wiley Online Library; High Wire; Oxford Journals; USDA National Agricultural Library; for synonyms: The Plant List; for common names:; etc.

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Latest update March 2017 by: ANCW