Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Kigelia africana

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Kigelia africana, Kigelia africana subsp. moosa

 

This species has also been known as:

Kigelia africana var. aethiopica, Kigelia africana subsp. africana, Kigelia africana var. eliptica

 

Common names:

Sausage Tree, Cucumber Tree

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Kigelia africana: 145]

 

 

Popularity of Kigelia africana over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Kigelia africana (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Kigelia africana as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 720]

 

Medicinal plants (19), Ethnobotany (14), Kigelia africana (9), Traditional medicine (7), iridoids (6), Africa (5), Herbal medicine (5), Kenya (5), Kigelia (5), kigelia pinnata (5), plant extracts (5), Cancer (4), Maputaland (4), regeneration (4), Apoptosis (3), Bignoniaceae (3), Cameroon (3), Cytotoxicity (3), forest (3), Okavango Delta (3), pollination (3), seed dispersal (3), Traditional healers (3), verminoside <ARROW (3), Woody plants (3), Acanthus pubescens (2), acetaminophen (2), African savanna (2), African traditional medicine (2), agroforestry (2), Angiogenesis (2), Anthelmintic (2), Anthropogenic disturbance (2), Antidiabetic (2), Anti-inflammatory (2), Antimicrobial (2), antimicrobial activity (2), antioxidant (2), Bacterial efficacy (2), Biomass accumulation (2), Botanical diversity (2), Burkina Faso (2), Callus (2), Candida albicans morphological analysis (2), Carbon offset (2), catalpol derivatives (2), Catechin hydrate (2), Cercopithecus aethiops (2), Chinese herb (2), Commercial potential (2), Commercial products (2), Commercial trade (2), conservation (2), cytotoxic activity (2), Diabetes mellitus (2), diarrhoea (2), elephant (2), Elephant utilisation (2), elephants (2), Escherichia coli (2), Ethnobotanical study (2), Ethnopharmacological survey (2), Ethnopharmacology (2), Female infertility (2), fossil wood (2), Free-radical scavenging and antifungal activities (2), FwJj20 (2), Ghana (2), GLUTDOWN>4 translocation (2), habitat (2), Herbalists (2), Herbivory (2), History (2), HIV/AIDS (2), In vitro (2), Indigenous knowledge (2), iridioids (2), Ivory Coast (2), Knowledge distribution (2), KwaZulu-Natal (2), Lantana camara (2), Late Pliocene (2), leaves (2), Loitoktok (2), Loxodonta africana (2), Luo (2), Mentha (2), mineral content (2), Mozambique (2), Muda (2), Neglected diseases (2), New products (2), Nigeria (2), Norviburtinal (2), nutrient content (2), Nyanza Province (2), Paeonia rockii (2), patas monkeys (2)…..

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

medicinal (68.06), weed (4.70), fruit (3.19), starch (2.70), grain legume (1.54), breeding (1.52), essential oil (1.44), shade (1.26), boundary (1.19), aquatic (1.12)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Muddathir AM, Yamauchi K, Batubara I, Mohieldin EAM and Mitsunaga T (2017) Anti-tyrosinase, total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of selected Sudanese medicinal plants. South African Journal of Botany 109, 9-15. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629916304859

Adaramoye OA and Akanni OO (2016) Protective effects of Artocarpus altilis (Moraceae) on cadmium-induced changes in sperm characteristics and testicular oxidative damage in rats. Andrologia 48, 152-163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.12426

Bello I, Shehu MW, Musa M, Zaini Asmawi M and Mahmud R (2016) Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. (Sausage tree): Phytochemistry and pharmacological review of a quintessential African traditional medicinal plant. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 189, 253-276. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116303300

Berry PSM and Bercovitch FB (2016) Seasonal and geographical influences on the feeding ecology of giraffes in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia: 1973–2014. African Journal of Ecology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12324

Bocharova O, Reshta S and Eshtokin V (2016) Toluene and Benzyl Alcohol Formation in Fruit Juices Containing Benzoates. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.13054

Bufford JL, Lurie MH and Daehler CC (2016) Biotic resistance to tropical ornamental invasion. Journal of Ecology 104, 518-530. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12534

Charles-Dominique T, Davies TJ, et al. (2016) Spiny plants, mammal browsers, and the origin of African savannas. PNAS 113, E5572-5579. http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/113/38/E5572

Chinsembu KC (2016) Tuberculosis and nature’s pharmacy of putative anti-tuberculosis agents. Acta Tropica 153, 46-56. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001706X15301261

Chivandi E, Moyo D, Dangarembizi R and Erlwanger K (2016) Effect of dietary Ximenia caffra kernel meal on blood and liver metabolic substrate content and the general clinical biochemistry of Sprague Dawley rats. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 100, 471-477. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12393

Chivandi E, Mukonowenzou N and Berliner D (2016) The coastal red-milkwood (Mimusops caffra) seed: Proximate, mineral, amino acid and fatty acid composition. South African Journal of Botany 102, 137-141. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629915003403

Davis BR and Ebersole JJ (2016) Impala (Aepyceros melampus) associate with olive baboons (Papio anubis) for feeding and security in Tarangire National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 54, 238-241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12263

de Wet H, Ramulondi M and Ngcobo ZN (2016) The use of indigenous medicine for the treatment of hypertension by a rural community in northern Maputaland, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 103, 78-88. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629915003981

Florentino IF, Silva DPB, Galdino PM, Lino RC, Martins JLR, Silva DM, de Paula JR, Tresvenzol LMF and Costa EA (2016) Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of Memora nodosa and allantoin in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 186, 298-304. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887411630201X

Havemann CP, Retief TA, Tosh CA and de Bruyn PJN (2016) Roan antelope Hippotragus equinus in Africa: a review of abundance, threats and ecology. Mammal Review 46, 144-158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mam.12061

Jegede AI, Offor U, Onanuga IO, Naidu ECS and Azu OO (2016) Effect of co-administration of Hypoxis hemerocallidea extract and antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the histomorphology and seminal parameters in Sprague Dawley rats. Andrologia, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.12640

Kpodar MS, Karou SD, Katawa G, Anani K, Gbekley HE, Adjrah Y, Tchacondo T, Batawila K and Simpore J (2016) An ethnobotanical study of plants used to treat liver diseases in the Maritime region of Togo. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 181, 263-273. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874115303019

Lamont BB, Hanley ME, Groom PK and He T (2016) Bird pollinators, seed storage and cockatoo granivores explain large woody fruits as best seed defense in Hakea. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 21, 55-77. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1433831916300282

Lawal IA and Moodley B (2016) Sorption mechansim of pharmaceuticals from aqueous medium on ionic liquid modified biomass. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.5063

Lim S-L and Mohamed S (2016) Functional food and dietary supplements for lung health. Trends in Food Science & Technology 57, Part A, 74-82. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924224416303478

Pavela R, Canale A, Mehlhorn H and Benelli G (2016) Application of ethnobotanical repellents and acaricides in prevention, control and management of livestock ticks: A review. Research in Veterinary Science 109, 1-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034528816302934

Rundel PW (2016) Community structure and leaf trait heterogeneity in a deciduous thicket community of the Middle Zambezi River Valley, Zambia. South African Journal of Botany 103, 222-229. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629915004135

Steven OO, Uwadiegwu AP, Chinonyelum AN, Chukwu ND, Obianuju OA, Kingsley UI and Chekwube EB (2016) Preliminary studies on the anti-ulcer potentials of Vitex doniana crude extracts on experimental rat model of ethanol induced gastric ulcer. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease 6, 736-740. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2222180816611209

Tsheboeng G, Murray-Hudson M and Kashe K (2016) Response of riparian plant communities to distance from surface water in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. African Journal of Ecology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12364

Wairore JN, Mureithi SM, Wasonga OV and Nyberg G (2016) Benefits Derived from Rehabilitating a Degraded Semi-Arid Rangeland in Private Enclosures in West Pokot County, Kenya. Land Degradation & Development 27, 532-541. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2420

Wechuli DB, Webala PW, Patterson BD and Ochieng RS (2016) Bat species diversity and distribution in a disturbed regime at the Lake Bogoria National Reserve, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12376

Widdows CD and Downs CT (2016) Urban roost temperatures of large-spotted-genets: The effect of anthropogenic structures. Journal of Thermal Biology 57, 66-71. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306456515302096

Wright MH, Matthews B, Arnold MSJ, Greene AC and Cock IE (2016) The prevention of fish spoilage by high antioxidant Australian culinary plants: Shewanella putrefaciens growth inhibition. International Journal of Food Science & Technology 51, 801-813. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.13026

Zofou D (2016) Designing new antimalarial hits from African medicinal plants at the University of Buea (Cameroon); Part I: Isolation, in vitro activity, in silico “drug-likeness” and Pharmacokinetic profiles. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 45, Supplement 1, 131. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1201971216303034

Ahmad A, Viljoen AM and Chenia HY (2015) The impact of plant volatiles on bacterial quorum sensing. Letters in Applied Microbiology 60, 8-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lam.12343

Akrofi AY, Amoako-Atta I, Assuah M and Asare EK (2015) Black pod disease on cacao (Theobroma cacao, L) in Ghana: Spread of Phytophthora megakarya and role of economic plants in the disease epidemiology. Crop Protection 72, 66-75. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261219415000307

Anand H, Misro MM, Sharma SB and Prakash S (2015) Protective effects of Eugenia jambolana extract versus N-acetyl cysteine against cisplatin-induced damage in rat testis. Andrologia 47, 194-208. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.12247

Beyene ST (2015) Rangeland Degradation in a Semi-Arid Communal Savannah of Swaziland: Long–Term DIP-Tank Use Effects on Woody Plant Structure, Cover and their Indigenous Use in Three Soil Types. Land Degradation & Development 26, 311-323. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2203

Chinsembu KC (2015) Plants as antimalarial agents in Sub-Saharan Africa. Acta Tropica 152, 32-48. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001706X15300863

Chinsembu KC, Hijarunguru A and Mbangu A (2015) Ethnomedicinal plants used by traditional healers in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic diseases in Rundu, Kavango East Region, Namibia. South African Journal of Botany 100, 33-42. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S025462991500294X

Gao P and Kupfer JA (2015) Uncovering food web structure using a novel trophic similarity measure. Ecological Informatics 30, 110-118. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1574954115001600

Gope ET, Sass-Klaassen UGW, Irvine K, Beevers L and Hes EMA (2015) Effects of flow alteration on Apple-ring Acacia (Faidherbia albida) stands, Middle Zambezi floodplains, Zimbabwe. Ecohydrology 8, 922-934. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eco.1541

Hossain MA, Lee S-J, Park J-Y, Reza MA, Kim T-H, Lee K-J, Suh J-W and Park S-C (2015) Modulation of quorum sensing-controlled virulence factors by Nymphaea tetragona (water lily) extract. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 174, 482-491. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887411530115X

Mosberg M and Eriksen SH (2015) Responding to climate variability and change in dryland Kenya: The role of illicit coping strategies in the politics of adaptation. Global Environmental Change 35, 545-557. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378015300418

Olorunnisola OS, Adetutu A and Afolayan AJ (2015) An inventory of plants commonly used in the treatment of some disease conditions in Ogbomoso, South West, Nigeria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 161, 60-68. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114007041

Orhan IE, Ozturk N and Sener B (2015) Antiprotozoal assessment and phenolic acid profiling of five Fumaria (fumitory) species. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 8, 283-286. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S199576451460331X

Osazuwa-Peters OL, Chapman CA and Zanne AE (2015) Selective logging: does the imprint remain on tree structure and composition after 45 years? Conservation Physiology 3, cov012-. http://conphys.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/3/1/cov012

Saeed MEM, Abdelgadir H, Sugimoto Y, Khalid HE and Efferth T (2015) Cytotoxicity of 35 medicinal plants from Sudan towards sensitive and multidrug-resistant cancer cells. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 174, 644-658. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874115300222

Van Wyk BE (2015) A review of commercially important African medicinal plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 176, 118-134. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874115301896

Yaoitcha AS, Houehanou TD, Fandohan AB and Houinato MRB (2015) Prioritization of useful medicinal tree species for conservation in Wari-Maro Forest Reserve in Benin: A multivariate analysis approach. Forest Policy and Economics 61, 135-146. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1389934115300216

Youssef Nasr A and Al Shahat Ibrahim A (2015) Aged garlic extract ameliorates the oxidative stress, histomorphological, and ultrastructural changes of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in adult male rats. Microscopy Research and Technique 78, 452-461. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jemt.22494

(2014) Index. In Novel Plant Bioresources (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 525-528. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118460566.index

(2014) All in One - Complete Issue: ChemInform 4/2014. ChemInform 45, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chin.201490401

Abdel-Hameed UK (2014) Morphological phylogenetics of Bignoniaceae Juss. Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 3, 172-177. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2314853514000511

Akanni OO, Owumi SE and Adaramoye OA (2014) In vitro studies to assess the antioxidative, radical scavenging and arginase inhibitory potentials of extracts from Artocarpus altilis, Ficus exasperate and Kigelia africana. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 4, Supplement 1, S492-S499. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169115303166

Alipieva K, Korkina L, Orhan IE and Georgiev MI (2014) Verbascoside — A review of its occurrence, (bio)synthesis and pharmacological significance. Biotechnology Advances 32, 1065-1076. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0734975014000962

Azu OO, Naidu ECS, Naidu JS, Masia T, Nzemande NF, Chuturgoon A and Singh S (2014) Testicular histomorphologic and stereological alterations following short-term treatment with highly active antiretroviral drugs (HAART) in an experimental animal model. Andrology 2, 772-779. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2047-2927.2014.00233.x

Beutler JA, Cragg GM, Iwu M, Newman DJ and Okunji C (2014) Anticancer Potential of African Plants: The Experience of the United States National Cancer Institute and National Institutes of Health1. In Novel Plant Bioresources (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 131-149. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118460566.ch10

Chakraborty SB, Horn P and Hancz C (2014) Application of phytochemicals as growth-promoters and endocrine modulators in fish culture. Reviews in Aquaculture 6, 1-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/raq.12021

Chiwanga FE (2014) Understanding the language of tourism: Tanzanian perspective. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 24, 147-200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijal.12012

de Wet H and Ngubane SC (2014) Traditional herbal remedies used by women in a rural community in northern Maputaland (South Africa) for the treatment of gynaecology and obstetric complaints. South African Journal of Botany 94, 129-139. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629914001227

Dzoyem JP, Kuete V and Eloff JN (2014) 23 - Biochemical Parameters in Toxicological Studies in Africa: Significance, Principle of Methods, Data Interpretation, and Use in Plant Screenings. In Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 659-715. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128000182000236

Fomogne-Fodjo MCY, Van Vuuren S, Ndinteh DT, Krause RWM and Olivier DK (2014) Antibacterial activities of plants from Central Africa used traditionally by the Bakola pygmies for treating respiratory and tuberculosis-related symptoms. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 155, 123-131. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114003201

Havemann CP, Retief TA, Collins K, Fynn RWS and de Bruyn PJN (2014) First record of roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus) feeding on the fruits of the sausage tree (Kigelia africana). African Journal of Ecology 52, 568-570. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12141

Ibrahim MA, Mohammed A, Isah MB and Aliyu AB (2014) Anti-trypanosomal activity of African medicinal plants: A review update. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 154, 26-54. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114002876

Lall N and Kishore N (2014) Are plants used for skin care in South Africa fully explored? Journal of Ethnopharmacology 153, 61-84. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114001342

Manjunathachar HV, Saravanan BC, Kesavan M, Karthik K, Rathod P, Gopi M, Tamilmahan P and Balaraju BL (2014) Economic importance of ticks and their effective control strategies. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease 4, Supplement 2, S770-S779. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2222180814607258

Ochwang’i DO, Kimwele CN, Oduma JA, Gathumbi PK, Mbaria JM and Kiama SG (2014) Medicinal plants used in treatment and management of cancer in Kakamega County, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 151, 1040-1055. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874113008556

Olujimi OO, Bamgbose O, Arowolo T, Steiner O and Goessler W (2014) Elemental profiles of herbal plants commonly used for cancer therapy in Ogun State, Nigeria. Part I. Microchemical Journal 117, 233-241. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0026265X14001258

Peter EL, Rumisha SF, Mashoto KO and Malebo HM (2014) Ethno-medicinal knowledge and plants traditionally used to treat anemia in Tanzania: A cross sectional survey. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 154, 767-773. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114003535

Quiroz D, Towns A, Legba SI, Swier J, Brière S, Sosef M and van Andel T (2014) Quantifying the domestic market in herbal medicine in Benin, West Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 151, 1100-1108. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874113008945

Riaz N, al e and et al. (2014) ChemInform Abstract: Isolation and Characterization of Limonoids from Kigelia africana. ChemInform 45, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chin.201404196

Seukep AJ, Noumedem JAK, Djeussi DE and Kuete V (2014) 9 - Genotoxicity and Teratogenicity of African Medicinal Plants. In Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 235-275. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128000182000091

Sherif IO, Abdel-Aziz A and Sarhan OM (2014) Cisplatin-Induced Testicular Toxicity in Rats: The Protective Effect of Arjunolic Acid. Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology 28, 515-521. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbt.21593

Tamokou J-d-D and Kuete V (2014) 10 - Mutagenicity and Carcinogenicity of African Medicinal Plants. In Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 277-322. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128000182000108

Tamokou J-d-D and Kuete V (2014) 7 - Toxic Plants Used in African Traditional Medicine. In Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 135-180. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128000182000078

Tasleem F, Azhar I, Ali SN, Perveen S and Mahmood ZA (2014) Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Piper nigrum L. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 7, Supplement 1, S461-S468. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764514602753

Tchamba MN, Weladji RB, Foguekem D and Loomis M (2014) Plant Biomass Density as an Indicator of Food Supply for Elephants (Loxodonta Africana) in Waza National Park, Cameroon. Tropical Conservation Science 7, 747-764. http://trc.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/7/4/747

Twilley D and Lall N (2014) 16 - African Plants with Dermatological and Ocular Relevance A2 - Kuete, Victor. In Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 493-512. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128000182000169

Vihotogbé R, Sossa-Vihotogbé CNA and Achigan-Dako GE (2014) Safety of Botanical Ingredients in Personal Healthcare: Focus on Africa. In Novel Plant Bioresources (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 395-408. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118460566.ch28

Zhang Z, Luo Z, Gao Y, Bian L, Sun X and Chen Z (2014) Volatiles from non-host aromatic plants repel tea green leafhopper Empoasca vitis. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 153, 156-169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eea.12236

Appiah M (2013) Tree population inventory, diversity and degradation analysis of a tropical dry deciduous forest in Afram Plains, Ghana. Forest Ecology and Management 295, 145-154. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112713000674

Bulafu C, Baranga D, Mucunguzi P, Telford RJ and Vandvik V (2013) Massive structural and compositional changes over two decades in forest fragments near Kampala, Uganda. Ecology and Evolution 3, 3804-3823. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.747

Chivandi E, Davidson BC and Erlwanger KH (2013) Proximate, mineral, fibre, phytate–phosphate, vitamin E, amino acid and fatty acid composition of Terminalia sericea. South African Journal of Botany 88, 96-100. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629913002809

Chuang LT, Pinfold TL, Hu HY, Chen YS, Schulze J, Presley JM, Irons G and Glew RH (2013) Fatty-acid, amino-acid and mineral composition of two milk replacers for marsupials. International Zoo Yearbook 47, 190-199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/izy.12014

David BC and Sudarsanam G (2013) Antimicrobial activity of Gymnema sylvestre (Asclepiadaceae). Journal of Acute Disease 2, 222-225. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221618913601316

Dhamodharan G and Mirunalini S (2013) A detail study of phytochemical screening, antioxidant potential and acute toxicity of Agaricus bisporus extract and its chitosan loaded nanoparticles. Journal of Pharmacy Research 6, 818-822. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0974694313003083

Dunham KM and du Toit AJ (2013) Using citizen-based survey data to determine densities of large mammals: a case study from Mana Pools National Park, Zimbabwe. African Journal of Ecology 51, 431-440. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12052

Eyong KO, Kuete V and Efferth T (2013) 10 - Quinones and Benzophenones from the Medicinal Plants of Africa. In Medicinal Plant Research in Africa (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 351-391. (Elsevier: Oxford). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124059276000102

Jim CY and Zhang H (2013) Defect-disorder and risk assessment of heritage trees in urban Hong Kong. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 12, 585-596. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1618866713000629

Jim CY and Zhang H (2013) Species diversity and spatial differentiation of old-valuable trees in urban Hong Kong. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 12, 171-182. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1618866713000204

Kiffner C, Ndibalema V and Kioko J (2013) Leopard (Panthera pardus) aggregation and interactions with Olive baboons (Papio anubis) in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 51, 168-171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12002

Mabona U and Van Vuuren SF (2013) Southern African medicinal plants used to treat skin diseases. South African Journal of Botany 87, 175-193. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629913002433

Mercader J, Bennett T, Esselmont C, Simpson S and Walde D (2013) Phytoliths from Middle Stone Age habitats in the Mozambican Rift (105–29 ka). Journal of Human Evolution 64, 328-336. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248413000353

Moshi MJ and Mhame PP (2013) 23 - Legislation on Medicinal Plants in Africa A2 - Kuete, Victor. In Medicinal Plant Research in Africa (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 843-858. (Elsevier: Oxford). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124059276000230

Mugasha WA, Eid T, Bollandsås OM, Malimbwi RE, Chamshama SAO, Zahabu E and Katani JZ (2013) Allometric models for prediction of above- and belowground biomass of trees in the miombo woodlands of Tanzania. Forest Ecology and Management 310, 87-101. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112713005306

Naidoo D, van Vuuren SF, van Zyl RL and de Wet H (2013) Plants traditionally used individually and in combination to treat sexually transmitted infections in northern Maputaland, South Africa: Antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 149, 656-667. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874113005072

Ndhlala AR, Amoo SO, Ncube B, Moyo M, Nair JJ and Van Staden J (2013) 16 - Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antiviral Activities of African Medicinal Plants A2 - Kuete, Victor. In Medicinal Plant Research in Africa (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 621-659. (Elsevier: Oxford). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124059276000163

Okolie C and Chenia HY (2013) Assessment of Aquatic Aeromonas spp. Isolates Susceptibility to Cinnamaldehyde, Vanillin, and Crude Kigelia africana Fruit Extracts. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 44, 486-498. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12059

Ruphin FP, Baholy R, Emmanue A, Amelie R, Martin M-T and Koto-te-Nyiwa N (2013) Antiplasmodial, cytotoxic activities and characterization of a new naturally occurring quinone methide pentacyclic triterpenoid derivative isolated from Salacia leptoclada Tul. (Celastraceae) originated from Madagascar. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 3, 780-784. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169113601550

Yetein MH, Houessou LG, Lougbégnon TO, Teka O and Tente B (2013) Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria in plateau of Allada, Benin (West Africa). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 146, 154-163. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112008562

Zhong R-z and Zhou D-w (2013) Oxidative Stress and Role of Natural Plant Derived Antioxidants in Animal Reproduction. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 12, 1826-1838. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095311913604128

Zofou D, Kuete V and Titanji VPK (2013) 17 - Antimalarial and Other Antiprotozoal Products from African Medicinal Plants. In Medicinal Plant Research in Africa (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 661-709. (Elsevier: Oxford). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124059276000175

Appiah B (2012) African traditional medicine struggles to find its place within health care. Can. Med. Assoc. J. 184, E831-832. http://www.cmaj.ca

Atolani O, Omere J, Otuechere CA and Adewuyi A (2012) Antioxidant and cytotoxicity effects of seed oils from edible fruits. Journal of Acute Disease 1, 130-134. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S222161891360030X

Azu OO (2012) Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) and Testicular Morphology: Current Status and a Case for a Stereologic Approach. Journal of Andrology 33, 1130-1142. http://dx.doi.org/10.2164/jandrol.112.016758

Braca A, Bader A and De Tommasi N (2012) Chapter 7 - Plant and Fungi 3,4-Dihydroisocoumarins: Structures, Biological Activity, and Taxonomic Relationships. In Studies in Natural Products Chemistry (Ed.^(Eds Atta ur R) pp. 191-215. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444595140000079

Chatterjee P, Mukherjee A and Nandy S (2012) Protective effects of the aqueous leaf extract of Aloe barbadensis on gentamicin and cisplatin–induced nephrotoxic rats. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, S1754-S1763. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112604900

CHIVANDI E, CAVE E, DAVIDSON BC, ERLWANGER KH, MOYO D and MADZIVA MT (2012) Suppression of Caco-2 and HEK-293 Cell Proliferation by Kigelia africana, Mimusops zeyheri and Ximenia caffra Seed Oils. In Vivo 26, 99-105. http://iv.iiarjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/26/1/99

Cordier W, Cromarty AD, Botha E and Steenkamp V (2012) Effects of selected South African plant extracts on haemolysis and coagulation. Human and Experimental Toxicology 31, 250-257. http://het.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/31/3/250

Cordier W, Cromarty AD, Botha E and Steenkamp V (2012) Index

Effects of selected South African plant extracts on haemolysis and coagulation. In Vivo 26, 1109-1158. http://iv.iiarjournals.org http://het.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/31/3/250

Dada AA and Adeparusi EO (2012) Dietary effects of two medicinal plants (Sesamum indicum) and (Croton zambesicus) on the reproductive indices in female African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) broodstock. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research 38, 269-273. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1687428513000022

De Wet H, Nzama VN and Van Vuuren SF (2012) Medicinal plants used for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections by lay people in northern Maputaland, KwaZulu–Natal Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 78, 12-20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911000512

Ekblom A, Gillson L, Risberg J, Holmgren K and Chidoub Z (2012) Rainfall variability and vegetation dynamics of the lower Limpopo Valley, Southern Africa, 500 AD to present. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 363–364, 69-78. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018212004907

Fabiyi OA, Atolani O, Adeyemi OS and Olatunji GA (2012) Antioxidant and Cytotoxicity of β-Amyrin acetate fraction from Bridelia ferruginea Leaves. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, S981-S984. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112603475

Fayemi SO, Osho A and Atolani O (2012) In vitro anticandidal and antioxidant potential of Mezoneuron benthamianum. Journal of Acute Disease 1, 120-125. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221618913600281

Hensman MC, Owen-Smith N, Parrini F and Erasmus BFN (2012) Dry season browsing by sable antelope in northern Botswana. African Journal of Ecology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2012.01349.x

Khan MF, Dixit P, Jaiswal N, Tamrakar AK, Srivastava AK and Maurya R (2012) Chemical constituents of Kigelia pinnata twigs and their GLUT4 translocation modulatory effect in skeletal muscle cells. Fitoterapia 83, 125-129. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X11002590

Kiffner C, Ndibalema V and Kioko J (2012) Leopard (Panthera pardus) aggregation and interactions with Olive baboons (Papio anubis) in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12002

Kumar S, Kumar V and Prakash OM (2012) Antidiabetic and hypolipidemic activities of Kigelia pinnata flowers extract in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 543-546. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112600938

Martey O, Armah G and Okine L (2012) Index

Absence of organ specific toxicity in rats treated with Tonica, an aqueous herbal haematinic preparation. In Vivo 26, 1109-1158. http://iv.iiarjournals.org

Nadeem S, Raj C and Raj N (2012) The influence of Alpinia calcarata extract on the serum lipid and leptin levels of rats with hyperlipidemia induced by high–fat diet. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, S1822-S1826. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112605024

Salem EA, Salem NA, Maarouf AM, Serefoglu EC and Hellstrom WJG (2012) Selenium and Lycopene Attenuate Cisplatin-induced Testicular Toxicity Associated With Oxidative Stress in Wistar Rats. Urology 79, 1184.e1-1184.e6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S009042951102735X

Saracoglu I and Harput US (2012) In Vitro Cytotoxic Activity and Structure Activity Relationships of Iridoid Glucosides Derived from Veronica species. Phytotherapy Research 26, 148-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.3546

van Andel T, Myren B and van Onselen S (2012) Ghanas herbal market. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 368-378. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000414

Zofou D, Tene M, Tane P and Titanji V (2012) Antimalarial drug interactions of compounds isolated from Kigelia africana (Bignoniaceae) and their synergism with artemether, against the multidrug-resistant W2mef Plasmodium falciparum strain. Parasitol Res 110, 539-44.

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Kigelia africana: 145; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Appiah B (2012) African traditional medicine struggles to find its place within health care. Can. Med. Assoc. J. 184, E831-832.  http://www.cmaj.ca

CHIVANDI E, CAVE E, DAVIDSON BC, ERLWANGER KH, MOYO D and MADZIVA MT (2012) Suppression of Caco-2 and HEK-293 Cell Proliferation by Kigelia africana, Mimusops zeyheri and Ximenia caffra Seed Oils. In Vivo 26, 99-105.  http://iv.iiarjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/26/1/99

Cordier W, Cromarty AD, Botha E and Steenkamp V (2012) Effects of selected South African plant extracts on haemolysis and coagulation. Human and Experimental Toxicology 31, 250-257.  http://het.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/31/3/250

De Wet H, Nzama VN and Van Vuuren SF (2012) Medicinal plants used for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections by lay people in northern Maputaland, KwaZulu–Natal Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 78, 12-20.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911000512

Hensman MC, Owen-Smith N, Parrini F and Erasmus BFN (2012) Dry season browsing by sable antelope in northern Botswana. African Journal of Ecology, n/a-n/a.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2012.01349.x

Khan MF, Dixit P, Jaiswal N, Tamrakar AK, Srivastava AK and Maurya R (2012) Chemical constituents of Kigelia pinnata twigs and their GLUT4 translocation modulatory effect in skeletal muscle cells. Fitoterapia 83, 125-129.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X11002590

Kiffner C, Ndibalema V and Kioko J (2012) Leopard (Panthera pardus) aggregation and interactions with Olive baboons (Papio anubis) in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology, n/a-n/a.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12002

Kumar S, Kumar V and Prakash OM (2012) Antidiabetic and hypolipidemic activities of Kigelia pinnata flowers extract in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 543-546.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112600938

Martey O, Armah G and Okine L (2012) Index

Absence of organ specific toxicity in rats treated with Tonica, an aqueous herbal haematinic preparation. In Vivo 26, 1109-1158.  http://iv.iiarjournals.org

Salem EA, Salem NA, Maarouf AM, Serefoglu EC and Hellstrom WJG (2012) Selenium and Lycopene Attenuate Cisplatin-induced Testicular Toxicity Associated With Oxidative Stress in Wistar Rats. Urology 79, 1184.e1-1184.e6.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S009042951102735X

Saracoglu I and Harput US (2012) In Vitro Cytotoxic Activity and Structure Activity Relationships of Iridoid Glucosides Derived from Veronica species. Phytotherapy Research 26, 148-152.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.3546

van Andel T, Myren B and van Onselen S (2012) Ghana’s herbal market. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 368-378.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000414

Zofou D, Tene M, Tane P and Titanji V (2012) Antimalarial drug interactions of compounds isolated from Kigelia africana (Bignoniaceae) and their synergism with artemether, against the multidrug-resistant W2mef Plasmodium falciparum strain. Parasitol Res 110, 539-44.

Al-Hazzani AA and Alshatwi AA (2011) Catechin hydrate inhibits proliferation and mediates apoptosis of SiHa human cervical cancer cells. Food and Chemical Toxicology 49, 3281-3286.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691511004674

Bamford MK (2011) Late Pliocene woody vegetation of Area 41, Koobi Fora, East Turkana Basin, Kenya. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 164, 191-210.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034666711000054

Bruschi P, Morganti M, Mancini M and Signorini MA (2011) Traditional healers and laypeople: A qualitative and quantitative approach to local knowledge on medicinal plants in Muda (Mozambique). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 138, 543-563.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111007276

Chivandi E, Davidson B and Erlwanger K (2011) Kigelia africana seed: proximate, mineral, vitamin E, fibre, amino acid and fatty acid composition. International Journal of Food Science & Technology, no-no.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2011.02730.x

Corrigan BM, Van Wyk BE, Geldenhuys CJ and Jardine JM (2011) Ethnobotanical plant uses in the KwaNibela Peninsula, St Lucia, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 77, 346-359.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629910002450

Gandiwa E, Magwati T, Zisadza P, Chinuwo T and Tafangenyasha C (2011) The impact of African elephants on Acacia tortilis woodland in northern Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe. Journal of Arid Environments 75, 809-814.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196311001194

Johnson M, Wesely EG, Kavitha MS and Uma V (2011) Antibacterial activity of leaves and inter-nodal callus extracts of Mentha arvensis L. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 4, 196-200.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764511600680

Liu C-L, Cheng L, et al. (2011) Bioassay-guided isolation of norviburtinal from the root of Rehmannia glutinosa, exhibited angiogenesis effect in zebrafish embryo model. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 137, 1323-1327.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887411100554X

Muthee JK, Gakuya DW, Mbaria JM, Kareru PG, Mulei CM and Njonge FK (2011) Ethnobotanical study of anthelmintic and other medicinal plants traditionally used in Loitoktok district of Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 15-21.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111000766

Nadembega P, Boussim JI, Nikiema JB, Poli F and Antognoni F (2011) Medicinal plants in Baskoure, Kourittenga Province, Burkina Faso: An ethnobotanical study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133, 378-395.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110007014

Nagata JM, Jew AR, Kimeu JM, Salmen CR, Bukusi EA and Cohen CR (2011) Medical pluralism on Mfangano Island: Use of medicinal plants among persons living with HIV/AIDS in Suba District, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 501-509.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111002029

Omeja PA, Chapman CA, Obua J, Lwanga JS, Jacob AL, Wanyama F and Mugenyi R (2011) Intensive tree planting facilitates tropical forest biodiversity and biomass accumulation in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Forest Ecology and Management 261, 703-709.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112710006997

Picerno P, Mencherini T, Sansone F, Del Gaudio P, Granata I, Porta A and Aquino RP (2011) Screening of a polar extract of Paeonia rockii: Composition and antioxidant and antifungal activities. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 138, 705-712.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111007288

Poilecot P and Gaidet N (2011) A quantitative study of the grass and woody layers of a Mopane (Colophospermum mopane) savannah in the mid-Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe. African Journal of Ecology 49, 150-164.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2010.01241.x

Price CA, Symonova O, Mileyko Y, Hilley T and Weitz JS (2011) Leaf Extraction and Analysis Framework Graphical User Interface: Segmenting and Analyzing the Structure of Leaf Veins and Areoles. Plant Physiology 155, 236-245.  http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/content/abstract/155/1/236

Rivière C, Goossens L, et al. (2011) Chemotaxonomic interest of iridoids isolated from a Malagasy species: Perichlaena richardii. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 39, 797-825.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305197811001591

Saracoglu I and Harput US (2011) In Vitro Cytotoxic Activity and Structure Activity Relationships of Iridoid Glucosides Derived from Veronica species. Phytotherapy Research, n/a-n/a.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.3546

Telefo PB, Lienou LL, Yemele MD, Lemfack MC, Mouokeu C, Goka CS, Tagne SR and Moundipa FP (2011) Ethnopharmacological survey of plants used for the treatment of female infertility in Baham, Cameroon. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 136, 178-187.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111002765

Van Wyk BE (2011) The potential of South African plants in the development of new medicinal products. South African Journal of Botany 77, 812-829.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911001190

Williamson E (2011) African Herbal Pharmacopoeia Eds: T. Brendler, J. N. Eloff, A. Gurib-Fakim, L. D. Phillips Publisher: Association for African Medicinal Plants Standards (AAMPS), 2010 ISBN 978-99903-89-09-8, pp. 289, price US$125.00. Phytotherapy Research 25, 472-472.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.3429

Zofou D, Kengne A, Tene M, Ngemenya M, Tane P and Titanji V (2011) In vitro antiplasmodial activity and cytotoxicity of crude extracts and compounds from the stem bark of Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth (Bignoniaceae). Parasitol Res 108, 1383-90.

Zofou D, Tene M, Tane P and Titanji V (2011) Antimalarial drug interactions of compounds isolated from Kigelia africana (Bignoniaceae) and their synergism with artemether, against the multidrug-resistant W2mef Plasmodium falciparum strain. Parasitol Res.

Boyes RS and Perrin MR (2010) Do Meyer’s Parrots Poicephalus meyeri benefit pollination and seed dispersal of plants in the Okavango Delta, Botswana? African Journal of Ecology 48, 769-782.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2009.01177.x

Glew R, Amoako-Atta B, Ankar-Brewoo G, Presley J, Chang Y, Chuang L, Millson M, Smith B and Glew R (2010) An indigenous plant food used by lactating mothers in west Africa: the nutrient composition of the leaves of Kigelia africana in Ghana. Ecol Food Nutr 49, 72-83.

Ihwagi FW, Vollrath F, Chira RM, Douglas-Hamilton I and Kironchi G (2010) The impact of elephants, Loxodonta africana, on woody vegetation through selective debarking in Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 48, 87-95.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2009.01089.x

Kunz BK and Linsenmair KE (2010) Fruit Traits in Baboon Diet: A Comparison with Plant Species Characteristics in West Africa. Biotropica 42, 363-371.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2009.00591.x

Liu L-C, Wang C-J, Lee C-C, Su S-C, Chen H-L, Hsu J-D and Lee H-J (2010) Aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. decelerates acetaminophen-induced acute liver damage by reducing cell death and oxidative stress in mouse experimental models. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 90, 329-337.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3821

Martey O, Armah G and Okine L (2010) Absence of organ specific toxicity in rats treated with Tonica, an aqueous herbal haematinic preparation. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med 7, 231-40.

Muli BK, Schulthess F and Van Den Berg J (2010) Performance of Trichogrammatoidea sp. nr lutea Girault (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) collected from Mussidia spp. in Kenya on eggs of six lepidopteran hosts. Journal of Applied Entomology 134, 521-530.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.2009.01474.x

Nibret E, Ashour ML, Rubanza CD and Wink M (2010) Screening of some Tanzanian medicinal plants for their trypanocidal and cytotoxic activities. Phytotherapy Research 24, 945-947.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.3066

Agyare C, Asase A, Lechtenberg M, Niehues M, Deters A and Hensel A (2009) An ethnopharmacological survey and in vitro confirmation of ethnopharmacological use of medicinal plants used for wound healing in Bosomtwi-Atwima-Kwanwoma area, Ghana. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 125, 393-403.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874109004553

Fleming TH, Geiselman C and Kress WJ (2009) The evolution of bat pollination: a phylogenetic perspective. Ann. Bot. 104, 1017-1043.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/104/6/1017

Gonthier DJ (2009) Notes on seeds deposited in elephant dung at Tarangire National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 47, 252-256.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00875.x

GradÉ JT, Tabuti JRS and Van Damme P (2009) Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 122, 273-293.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874109000233

Gruenwald J (2009) Novel botanical ingredients for beverages. Clinics in Dermatology 27, 210-216.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0738081X08002253

Lim H-K, Moon JY, Kim H, Cho M and Cho SK (2009) Induction of apoptosis in U937 human leukaemia cells by the hexane fraction of an extract of immature Citrus grandis Osbeck fruits. Food Chemistry 114, 1245-1250.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814608013034

Mercader J, Bennett T, Esselmont C, Simpson S and Walde D (2009) Phytoliths in woody plants from the Miombo woodlands of Mozambique. Ann. Bot. 104, 91-113.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/104/1/91

Muli BK, Schulthess F and van den Berg J (2009) Parasitoids associated with Mussidia spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Kenya. Phytoparasitica. 37, 55-60.

Olmstead RG, Zjhra ML, Lohmann LG, Grose SO and Eckert AJ (2009) A molecular phylogeny and classification of Bignoniaceae. Am. J. Botany 96, 1731-1743.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/96/9/1731

Xia Z, Wang Y-Z and Smith JF (2009) Familial placement and relations of Rehmannia and Triaenophora (Scrophulariaceae s.l.) inferred from five gene regions. Am. J. Botany 96, 519-530.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/96/2/519

Yadessa A, Itanna F and Olsson M (2009) Scattered trees as modifiers of agricultural landscapes: the role of waddeessa (Cordia africana Lam.) trees in Bako area, Oromia, Ethiopia. African Journal of Ecology 47, 78-83.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2008.01053.x

Mathew M, Mathew S, Kumar KNA and Anandan R (2008) ANALGESIC AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITIES OF LIVER OILS OF FOUR SHARK SPECIES FROM INDIAN EEZ. Journal of Food Lipids 15, 470-487.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4522.2008.00134.x

Nakagawa N (2008) Despotic wild patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Kala Maloue, Cameroon. American Journal of Primatology 70, 238-246.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.20481

Olaleye M and Rocha B (2008) Acetaminophen-induced liver damage in mice: effects of some medicinal plants on the oxidative defense system. Exp Toxicol Pathol 59, 319-27.

(2007) Current awareness in flavour and fragrance. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 22, 334-345.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1755

Asekun OT, Olusegun E and Adebola O (2007) The volatile constituents of the leaves and flowers of Kigelia africana Benth. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 22, 21-23.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1723

Eilu G, Oriekot J and Tushabe H (2007) Conservation of indigenous plants outside protected areas in Tororo District, eastern Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 45, 73-78.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00861.x

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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