Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Kingia australis

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Kingia australis

 

This species has also been known as:

Kingia australis var. argentea

 

Common names:

Bullanock

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Kingia australis: 43]

 

 

Popularity of Kingia australis over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Kingia australis (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Kingia australis as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 160]

 

32P (1), fire (4), fire frequency (4), prescribed burning (4), Xanthorrhoea (4), Eucalypt forest (3), grasstrees (3), Callipappus (2), Chloroplast genome (2), Coccoidea (2), cpDNA phylogenomics (2), Eucalyptus marginata (2), fire history (2), Fire regime management (2), functional diversity (2), Gene sampling (2), grasstree (2), grazing (2), Landscape-scale (2), Margarodidae (2), Monocot phylogeny (2), Phylogenetic effect of natural selection and nucleotide substitution rate (2), plant life form (2), Smilax (2), Taxon sampling (2), Wildfire (2), Aboriginal burning practices (1), aerial roots (1), Age–size relations (1), Allometry (1), Australia (1), bauxite (1), Beta diversity (1), Brahea (1), California (1), cell biology (1), charcoal (1), Climate change (1), coastal New South Wales (1), demography (1), Dendrochronology (1), Dispersal limitations (1), Disturbance (1), diversity (1), Environmental gradients (1), environmental history (1), Evergreen shrub (1), exaptation (1), fire and plant evolution (1), fire ecology (1), fire regime (1), Fire regimes (1), fire-scar analysis (1), Floristic assemblages (1), flowering (1), Forestry (1), frequency distribution histogram (1), fruit set (1), Functional classification (1), germination (1), Grampians (1), grass trees (1), Greens Bush (1), growth (1), Growth models (1), growth rates (1), herbivory (1), High-rainfall mediterranean ecosystem (1), histology (1), history (1), Holocene (1), inflorescences (1), kangaroos (1), Kwongan (1), Largely according to Green (1985). Critical species were identified in the main herbaria in Perth. Vouchers are kept in the Dept. of Plant Biology (1), leaf production (1), Leucadendron laureolum (1), matK (1), mediterranean (1), Mediterranean basin (1), mine (1), models (1), nutrient uptake (1), Nutrient uptake patterns (1), Palmae (1), patchiness (1), Persistence (1), persistence traits (1), phosphorus nutrition (1), Phylogenetic beta diversity (1), Phytosociology (1), plant anatomy (1), plant ecology (1), plant morphology (1), Plant trait (1), proteoid roots (1), rbcL (1), Refugial habitats (1), Reproduction (1), resprouting (1), restoration (1), root structure (1), rps16 intron (1), scale insects (1), scale insects. (1), season (1), seeding (1), sensitivity (1), shrublands (1), soil nutrients (1), Sonoran desert (1), Species conservation (1), species richness (1), sprouting (1), survival (1), temperature (1), translocation (1), trnL–trnF (1), University of Rome (1), Vegetation belt (1), Washingtonia (1), Water availability (1), water potential (1), Xanthorrhoea preissii (1), Xanthorrhoeaceae (1)

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

timber (51.15), charcoal (20.56), hemiparasite (9.35), medicinal (2.74), poison (1.99), weed (1.51), soil amelioration (1.45), starch (0.90), cereal (0.64), grain legume (0.63)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Comer JR, Zomlefer WB, Barrett CF, Stevenson DW, Heyduk K and Leebens-Mack JH (2016) Nuclear phylogenomics of the palm subfamily Arecoideae (Arecaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 97, 32-42. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790315003942

Givnish TJ, Zuluaga A, et al. (2016) Phylogenomics and historical biogeography of the monocot order Liliales: out of Australia and through Antarctica. Cladistics 32, 581-605. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12153

Wardell-Johnson G, Wardell-Johnson A, et al. (2016) Application of a Gondwanan perspective to restore ecological integrity in the south-western Australian global biodiversity hotspot. Restoration Ecology 24, 805-815. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rec.12372

Barrett CF, Davis JI, Leebens-Mack J, Conran JG and Stevenson DW (2013) Plastid genomes and deep relationships among the commelinid monocot angiosperms. Cladistics 29, 65-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00418.x

Zalucki JM, King R and Hughes JM (2013) Outcrossing rates and reproductive success in Xanthorrhoea johnsonii (Xanthorrhoeaceae), in south east Queensland, Australia. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 110, 335-345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bij.12135

Barrett CF, Davis JI, Leebens-Mack J, Conran JG and Stevenson DW (2012) Plastid genomes and deep relationships among the commelinid monocot angiosperms. Cladistics, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00418.x

Liu J, Qi Z-C, Zhao Y-P, Fu C-X and Xiang Q-Y (2012) Complete cpDNA genome sequence of Smilax china and phylogenetic placement of Liliales – Influences of gene partitions and taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64, 545-562. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790312001765

Pekin BK, Wittkuhn RS, Boer MM, Macfarlane C and Grierson PF (2012) Response of plant species and life form diversity to variable fire histories and biomass in the jarrah forest of south-west Australia. Austral Ecology 37, 330-338. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2011.02280.x

Tomlinson PB and Huggett BA (2012) Cell longevity and sustained primary growth in palm stems. Am. J. Botany 99, 1891-1902. http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/12/1891

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Kingia australis: 43; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Barrett CF, Davis JI, Leebens-Mack J, Conran JG and Stevenson DW (2012) Plastid genomes and deep relationships among the commelinid monocot angiosperms. Cladistics, no-no.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00418.x

Liu J, Qi Z-C, Zhao Y-P, Fu C-X and Xiang Q-Y (2012) Complete cpDNA genome sequence of Smilax china and phylogenetic placement of Liliales – Influences of gene partitions and taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64, 545-562.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790312001765

Pekin BK, Wittkuhn RS, Boer MM, Macfarlane C and Grierson PF (2012) Response of plant species and life form diversity to variable fire histories and biomass in the jarrah forest of south-west Australia. Austral Ecology 37, 330-338.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2011.02280.x

Tomlinson PB and Huggett BA (2012) Cell longevity and sustained primary growth in palm stems. Am. J. Botany 99, 1891-1902.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/12/1891

Bradshaw SD, Dixon KW, Hopper SD, Lambers H and Turner SR (2011) Little evidence for fire-adapted plant traits in Mediterranean climate regions. Trends in Plant Science 16, 69-76.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1360138510002335

Pekin BK, Wittkuhn RS, Boer MM, Macfarlane C and Grierson PF (2011) Response of plant species and life form diversity to variable fire histories and biomass in the jarrah forest of south-west Australia. Austral Ecology, no-no.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2011.02280.x

Sander J and Wardell-Johnson G (2011) Fine-scale patterns of species and phylogenetic turnover in a global biodiversity hotspot: Implications for climate change vulnerability. Journal of Vegetation Science 22, 766-780.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2011.01293.x

Wittkuhn RS, McCaw L, Wills AJ, Robinson R, Andersen AN, Van Heurck P, Farr J, Liddelow G and Cranfield R (2011) Variation in fire interval sequences has minimal effects on species richness and composition in fire-prone landscapes of south-west Western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 261, 965-978.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112710007139

Horn JW, Fisher JB, Tomlinson PB, Lewis CE and Laubengayer K (2009) Evolution of lamina anatomy in the palm family (Arecaceae). Am. J. Botany 96, 1462-1486.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/96/8/1462

Asmussen CB, Dransfield J, Deickmann V, Barfod AS, Pintaud J-C and Baker WJ (2006) A new subfamily classification of the palm family (Arecaceae): evidence from plastid DNA phylogeny. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 151, 15-38.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2006.00521.x

Bullock SH and Heath D (2006) Growth rates and age of native palms in the Baja California desert. Journal of Arid Environments 67, 391-402.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196306000887

Mooney SD and Maltby EL (2006) Two proxy records revealing the late Holocene fire history at a site on the central coast of New South Wales, Australia. Austral Ecology 31, 682-695.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2006.01594.x

MÜLler G (2006) A New Frequency Analysis Method for Constructing Fire Histories from Flowering Events in Austral Grasstrees (Xanthorrhoea australis) from Southern Victoria. Geographical Research 44, 339-347.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-5871.2006.00405.x

Pausas JG, Keeley JE and VerdÚ M (2006) Inferring differential evolutionary processes of plant persistence traits in Northern Hemisphere Mediterranean fire-prone ecosystems. Journal of Ecology 94, 31-39.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01092.x

Enright NJ, Lamont BB and Miller BP (2005) Anomalies in grasstree fire history reconstructions for south-western Australian vegetation. Austral Ecology 30, 668-673.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2005.01509.x

Korczynskyj D and Lamont BB (2005) Grasstree (Xanthorrhoea preissii ) leaf growth in relation to season and water availability. Austral Ecology 30, 765-774.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2005.01517.x

(2004) Curtis’s Botanical Magazine. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 21, 267-270.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1355-4905.2004.index.x

Hopper SD (2004) South-western Australia, Cinderella of the world’s temperate floristic regions, 2. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 21, 132-180.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1355-4905.2004.00430.x

Koch JM, Richardson J and Lamont BB (2004) Grazing by Kangaroos Limits the Establishment of the Grass Trees Xanthorrhoea gracilis and X. preissii in Restored Bauxite Mines in Eucalypt Forest of Southwestern Australia. Restoration Ecology 12, 297-305.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1061-2971.2004.00335.x

Hopper SD (2003) South-western Australia, Cinderella of the World’s Temperate Floristic Regions 1. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 20, 101-126.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8748.00379

Pausas JG and Lavorel S (2003) A hierarchical deductive approach for functional types in disturbed ecosystems. Journal of Vegetation Science 14, 409-416.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2003.tb02166.x

COLANGELO WI, LAMONT BB, JONES AS, WARD DJ and BOMBARDIERI S (2002) The Anatomy and Chemistry of the Colour Bands of Grasstree Stems (Xanthorrhoea preissii) used for Plant Age and Fire History Determination. Ann. Bot. 89, 605-612.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/89/5/605

Olesen JM and Ehlers BK (2001) Age determination of individuals of Corydalis species and other perennial herbs. Nordic Journal of Botany 21, 187-194.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.2001.tb01356.x

Ward DJ, Lamont BB and Burrows CL (2001) Grasstrees reveal contrasting fire regimes in eucalypt forest before and after European settlement of southwestern Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 150, 323-329.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112700005843

Lamont BB, Swanborough PW and Ward D (2000) Plant size and season of burn affect flowering and fruiting of the grasstree Xanthorrhoea preissii. Austral Ecology 25, 268-272.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-9993.2000.01028.x

Gullan PJ and Brookes HM (1998) Giant females and bird-of-paradise flies: Notes on the biology of CallipappusGuérin-Méneville (Hemiptera: Margarodidae). Australian Journal of Entomology 37, 2-7.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-6055.1998.00007.x

Gullian PJ and Brookes HM (1998) Giant females and bird-of-paradise flies: Notes on the biology of Callipappus Guérin-Méneville (Hemiptera: Margarodidae). Australian Journal of Entomology 37, 2-7.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-6055.1998.tb01534.x

(1996) Organism Index. In ‘Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives’ (Ed.^(Eds Pelletier SW) pp. 415-430. (Pergamon). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735821096800306

I.R.C B (1996) Chapter One Alkaloids from Australian Flora. In ‘Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives’ (Ed.^(Eds Pelletier SW) pp. 1-154. (Pergamon). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735821096800252

Enright NJ, Miller BP and Crawford A (1994) Environmental correlates of vegetation patterns and species richness in the northern Grampians, Victoria. Australian Journal of Ecology 19, 159-168.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.1994.tb00479.x

Morrison DA and Cary GJ (1994) Robustness of demographic estimates in studies of plant responses to fire. Australian Journal of Ecology 19, 110-114.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.1994.tb01550.x

Peter M A (1994) Ecological disturbance and the conservative management of eucalypt forests in Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 63, 301-346.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0378112794901155

Pignatti E, Pignatti S and Lucchese F (1993) Plant communities of the Stirling Range, Western Australia. Journal of Vegetation Science 4, 477-488.  http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3236075

STAFF IA and CLIFFORD HT (1987) On Arborescence in Gahnia clarkei and Gahnia sieberiana. Ann. Bot. 60, 33-39.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/60/1/33

STRUTHERS R, LAMONT BB, FOX JED, WIJESURIYA S and CROSSLAND T (1986) Mineral Nutrition of Sandalwood (Santalum spicatum). J. Exp. Bot. 37, 1274-1284.  http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/37/9/1274

Lamont BB, Brown G and Mitchell DT (1984) STRUCTURE, ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON THEIR FORMATION, AND FUNCTION OF PROTEOID ROOTS IN LEUCADENDRON LAUREOLUM (PROTEACEAE). New Phytologist 97, 381-390.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1984.tb03604.x

Abbott I and Loneragan O (1983) Influence of fire on growth rate, mortality, and butt damage in Mediterranean forest of Western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 6, 139-153.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037811278390018X

BÜLow-Olsen A, Just J and Liddle MJ (1982) Growth and flowering history of Xanthorrhoea johnsonii Lee (Liliaceae) in Toohey Forest Queensland. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 84, 195-207.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1982.tb00534.x

Lamont B (1981) Availability of water and inorganic nutrients in the persistent leaf bases of the grasstree Kingia australis, and uptake and translocation of labelled phosphate by the embedded aerial roots. Physiologia Plantarum 52, 181-186.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1981.tb08490.x

Lamont B (1981) Morphometrics of the aerial roots of Kingia australis (Liliales). Australian journal of botany., 1.

Lamont BB (1980) Tissue longevity of the arborescent monocotyledon, Kingia australis (Xanthorrhoeaceae). American journal of botany. 67, 1262-1264.

Lamont BB and Downes S (1979) The longevity, flowering and fire history of the grasstrees Xanthorrhoea preissii and Kingia australis. Journal of applied ecology. 16, 893-899.

Fahn A (1954) The anatomical structure of the Xanthorrhoeaceae Dumort. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 55, 158-184.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1954.tb00009.x

(1855) Index. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 2, 437-448.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1848.tb01095_381_437.x

Bradshaw SD, Dixon KW, Hopper SD, Lambers H and Turner SR Little evidence for fire-adapted plant traits in Mediterranean climate regions. Trends in Plant Science 16, 69-76.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1360138510002335

Liu J, Qi Z-C, Zhao Y-P, Fu C-X and Xiang Q-Y Complete cpDNA genome sequence of Smilax china and phylogenetic placement of Liliales – Influences of gene partitions and taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64, 545-562.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790312001765

Wittkuhn RS, McCaw L, Wills AJ, Robinson R, Andersen AN, Van Heurck P, Farr J, Liddelow G and Cranfield R Variation in fire interval sequences has minimal effects on species richness and composition in fire-prone landscapes of south-west Western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 261, 965-978.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112710007139

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


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Latest update March 2017 by: ANCW