Australian New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Kochia aphylla



This species is usually known as:

Maireana aphylla


This species has no synonyms in The Plant List


Common names:

Cotton Bush, Leafless Bluebush



Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Kochia aphylla: 19]



Popularity of Kochia aphylla over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Kochia aphylla (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Kochia aphylla as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)]

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]



[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 27]


Grazing (2), Resilience (2), animal science (1), Atriplex nummularia (1), Atriplex vesicaria (1), Camphorosmeae (1), Carbon sequestration (1), chenopod grassland (1), Chenopodioideae (1), competition (1), disturbance (1), eustele (1), Heterogeneity (1), low rainfall (1), Overstocking (1), protostele (1), Rangelands (1), Salicornieae (1), Salsoloideae (1), Shrublands (1), Soil carbon (1), Spatial tool (1), State and transition model (1), Sustainability (1), zoology (1)


[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]



Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]


forage (56.10), ornamental (31.70), beverage (1.67), medicinal (1.42), timber (1.30), poison (1.03), fruit (0.83), starch (0.47), boundary (0.38), cereal (0.33)..


[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]



References (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Kochia aphylla: 19; Any undated papers have been included at the end]


Wong NK, Dorrough J, Hirth JR, Morgan JW and O'Brien E (2007) Establishment of native perennial shrubs in an agricultural landscape. Austral Ecology 32, 617-625.


Hill MJ, Roxburgh SH, McKeon GM, Carter JO and Barrett DJ (2006) Analysis of soil carbon outcomes from interaction between climate and grazing pressure in Australian rangelands using Range-ASSESS. Environmental Modelling & Software 21, 779-801.


Holm AM, Watson IW, Speijers EJ, Allen RJ, Eliot GJ, Shackleton KR and Stretch JK (2005) Loss of patch-scale heterogeneity on secondary productivity in the arid shrubland of Western Australia. Journal of Arid Environments 61, 631-649.


Al-Turki TA, Swarupanandan K and Wilson PG (2003) Primary vasculature in Chenopodiaceae: a re-interpretation and implications for systematics and evolution. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 143, 337-374.


Lange RT, Coleman D and Cowley KR (1992) Survival of saltbush (Atriplex vesicaria) seedlings in heavily grazed experimental plots. Australian Journal of Ecology 17, 99-101.


Pearson JT, Sparrow AD and Lange RT (1990) Prolonged exposure to sheep grazing reduces the palatability of Australian saltbush populations. Australian Journal of Ecology 15, 337-344.


Andrew MH and Lange RT (1986) Development of a new piosphere in arid chenopod shrubland grazed by sheep. 2. Changes to the vegetation. Australian Journal of Ecology 11, 411-424.


Webb EK (1982) Profile relationships in the superadiabatic surface layer. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 108, 661-688.


Leigh JH and Holgate MD (1979) The responses of the understorey of forests and woodlands of the Southern Tablelands to grazing and burning. Australian Journal of Ecology 4, 25-45.


Noble JC and Whalley RDB (1978) The biology and autecology of Nitraria L. in Australia. II. Seed germination, seedling establishment and response to salinity. Australian Journal of Ecology 3, 165-177.


Noble JC and Whalley RDB (1978) The biology and autecology of Nitraria L. in Australia. I. Distribution, morphology and potential utilization. Australian Journal of Ecology 3, 141-163.


Rixon AJ and Zorin M (1978) Transformations of nitrogen and phosphorus in sheep faeces located in saltbush rangeland and on irrigated pasture. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 10, 347-354.


Briese DT and Macauley BJ (1977) Physical structure of an ant community in semi-arid Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 2, 107-120.


Russell EM and Harrop CJF (1976) The Behaviour of Red Kangaroos (Megaleia rufa) on Hot Summer Days. Zeitschrift fr Tierpsychologie 40, 396-426.


V.R S (1974) Grazing distribution and activity patterns of Merino sheep on a saltbush community in south-east Australia. Applied Animal Ethology 1, 17-30.


J.K M (1971) Drag measurements in roughness arrays of varying density and distribution. Agricultural Meteorology 8, 269-292.


Leigh JH, Wilson AD and Williams OB (1970) An assessment of the value of three perennial chenopodiaceous shrubs for wool production of sheep grazing semi-arid pastures. International Grassland Congress. Proceedings, 55-59.


Wilson AD, Leigh JH and Mulham WE (1969) A study of Merino sheep grazing a bladder saltbush (Atriplex vesicaria)-cotton-bush (Kochia aphylla) community on the Riverine Plain. Nov 20, 6.


Vink APA (1968) THE RLE OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY IN INTEGRATED SURVEYS OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie 59, 294-312.



RIRDC Farm Diversity Website:


Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC)
Home Page

RIRDC New and Developing Plant Industries
Home Page

includes publications and project reports

RIRDC New Crop Industries Handbook
530 pages
as pdf download

essential oils, tea tree oil, wildflowers and natives, bioenergy, organic farming

Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct; Wiley Online Library; High Wire; Oxford Journals; USDA National Agricultural Library; for synonyms: The Plant List; for common names:; etc.

All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 

Contact: Webmaster, Australian New Crops Website
Latest update 31 July 2014 by: ANCW