Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Nephelium mutabile



This species is usually known as:

Nephelium mutabile


This species has no synonyms in The Plant List


Common names:

Pulasan, Kapulasan, Ngoh-Khonsan, Bulala



Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Nephelium mutabile: 13]



Popularity of Nephelium mutabile over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Nephelium mutabile (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Nephelium mutabile as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]



[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 86]


ABTS (1), Fruits (2), Malaysia (2), Nephelium lappaceum (2), Nephelium mutabile (2), Rambutan (2), Storage (2), Adenanthera (1), Adenanthera pavonina (1), Agroforestry (1), Antioxidant capacity (1), biodiesel (1), Biodiversity (1), botany (1), Calotropis gigantea (1), Calotropis procera (1), Canarium (1), Canarium luzonicum (1), Canarium odontophyllum (1), Canarium ovatum (1), Cancer (1), Cerbera manghas (1), chemical composition (1), chemical constituents of plants (1), Cleome viscosa (1), crop management (1), Cryptostegia grandiflora (1), cultivars (1), Dacryodes rostrata (1), Dimocarpus longan (1), Dipterocarpaceae (1), DPPH (1), esters (1), fatty acids (1), food preservation (1), fuel production (1), handling (1), harvesting (1), Herbal medicine (1), horticulture (1), HPLC (1), Indigenous knowledge (1), insect pests (1), Intellectual property rights (1), l-Ascorbic acid (1), Liberation cutting (1), Litchi (1), Litchi chinensis (1), literature reviews (1), Longan (1), longans (1), Lychee (1), maturation (1), Minerals (1), nutritive value (1), oil crops (1), Philippines (1), Photo-cytotoxicity (1), Photodynamic therapy (1), Photosensitiser (1), Physiology (1), Pioneer species (1), plant diseases and disorders (1), plant fats and oils (1), Plant Science and Plant Products (1), plants (1), Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (1), Ptychosperma (1), Ptychosperma macarthuri (1), Rainforest (1), rambutans (1), Raphanus sativus (1), Regeneration (1), Sapindus saponaria (1), Succession (1), Terrestrial plants (1), Traditional ecological knowledge (1), Traditional forest management (1), Tropical fruit (1), Vitamin C (1)


[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]



Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]


fruit (39.02), fuelwood (18.67), ornamental (8.93), biofuel (6.60), cane/bamboo (5.84), weed (2.09), poison (1.72), starch (1.25), cereal (0.88), nutraceutical (0.87)…..


[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]



Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]


Ding P (2017) Tropical Fruits A2 - Thomas, Brian. In ‘Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences (Second Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds Murray BG and Murphy DJ) pp. 431-434. (Academic Press: Oxford). //

Bhat R and Paliyath G (2016) Fruits of Tropical Climates: Biodiversity and Dietary Importance. In ‘Encyclopedia of Food and Health’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 138-143. (Academic Press: Oxford). //

Laily ARN, Hasiah S, Aziz NAN and Dagang AN (2016) Poly (3-Dodecylthiophene)/Natural Dye Bulk Heterojunction Organic Solar Cell: An Electrical Conductivity, and Hall Effect Study. Procedia Chemistry 19, 2-9. //

Pham VT, Herrero M and Hormaza JI (2016) Fruiting pattern in longan, Dimocarpus longan: from pollination to aril development. Annals of Applied Biology 169, 357-368.

Warschefsky EJ, Klein LL, Frank MH, Chitwood DH, Londo JP, von Wettberg EJB and Miller AJ (2016) Rootstocks: Diversity, Domestication, and Impacts on Shoot Phenotypes. Trends in Plant Science 21, 418-437. //

Pham VT, Herrero M and Hormaza JI (2015) Effect of temperature on pollen germination and pollen tube growth in longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.). Scientia Horticulturae 197, 470-475. //

Pham VT, Herrero M and Hormaza JI (2015) Phenological growth stages of longan (Dimocarpus longan) according to the BBCH scale. Scientia Horticulturae 189, 201-207. //

Toe DHC and Kubota T (2015) Comparative assessment of vernacular passive cooling techniques for improving indoor thermal comfort of modern terraced houses in hot–humid climate of Malaysia. Solar Energy 114, 229-258. //



References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Nephelium mutabile: 13; Any undated papers have been included at the end]


Mulyoutami E, Rismawan R and Joshi L (2009) Local knowledge and management of simpukng (forest gardens) among the Dayak people in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forest Ecology and Management 257, 2054-2061.

Ong CY, Ling SK, Ali RM, Chee CF, Samah ZA, Ho ASH, Teo SH and Lee HB (2009) Systematic analysis of in vitro photo-cytotoxic activity in extracts from terrestrial plants in Peninsula Malaysia for photodynamic therapy. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 96, 216-222.

Razon LF (2008) Selection of Philippine Plant Oils as Possible Feedstocks for Biodiesel. Philippine agricultural scientist. 91, 278-286.

C.M M (2003) FRUITS OF TROPICAL CLIMATES | Fruits of the Sapindaceae. In ‘Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds Editor-in-Chief:  Benjamin C) pp. 2786-2790. (Academic Press: Oxford).

M.N N (2003) FRUITS OF TROPICAL CLIMATES | Lesser-known Fruits of Asia. In ‘Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds Editor-in-Chief:  Benjamin C) pp. 2816-2820. (Academic Press: Oxford).

Leong LP and Shui G (2002) An investigation of antioxidant capacity of fruits in Singapore markets. Food Chemistry 76, 69-75.

Ong HC and Norzalina J (1999) Malay herbal medicine in Gemencheh, Negri Sembilan, Malaysia. Fitoterapia 70, 10-14.

Kuusipalo J, Jafarsidik Y, Ådjers G and Tuomela K (1996) Population dynamics of tree seedlings in a mixed dipterocarp rainforest before and after logging and crown liberation. Forest Ecology and Management 81, 85-94.

T.J OH (1995) Postharvest physiology and storage of rambutan. Postharvest Biology and Technology 6, 189-199.

Fernandes ECM and Nair PKR (1986) An evaluation of the structure and function of tropical homegardens. Agricultural Systems 21, 279-310.

Carol L (1984) Food ideology and eating behavior: Contributions from Malay studies. Social Science & Medicine 19, 547-559.

John M (1974) The behaviour and ecology of wild orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus). Animal Behaviour 22, 3-74.

Zalasky H, Nawawi A, Ting WP and Tai LH (1971) Dolabra nepheliae and its imperfect state associated with canker of Nephelium lappaceum and Nephelium mutabile. Canadian journal of botany = 49, 4.

Marisa M W Ascorbic acid and mineral composition of longan (Dimocarpus longan), lychee (Litchi chinensis) and rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) cultivars grown in Hawaii. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 19, 655-663.

Zee FTP, Chan HT, Jr. and Yen CR Lychee, longan, rambutan and pulasan. Tropical and subtropical fruits /, 290-335.


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct; Wiley Online Library; High Wire; Oxford Journals; USDA National Agricultural Library; for synonyms: The Plant List; for common names:; etc.

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Latest update March 2017 by: ANCW