Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Neptunia gracilis



This species is usually known as:

Neptunia gracilis


This species has also been known as:

Neptunia gracilis var. major, Neptunia gracilis var. villosula


No common names have been found



Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Neptunia gracilis: 9]



Popularity of Neptunia gracilis over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Neptunia gracilis (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Neptunia gracilis as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]



[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 69]


Acacias (2), Ancestral reconstructions (2), Biogeography (2), Biological control (2), Host range (2), Mimosoideae (2), Neptunia (2), Phylogenetic trees (2), Acacia nilotica (1), Astragalus (1), Astrebla spp. (1), Australia (1), biological control agents (1), Biological control of weeds (1), biological development (1), bluegrass (1), Chenopodiaceae (1), Chiasmia assimilis (1), Chiasmia inconspicua (1), Classical biological control (1), Coreidae (1), cystathionine (1), cystine lyase (1), Dichanthium sericeum (1), disturbance (1), Establishment (1), Fabaceae (1), fire (1), food plants (1), herbivores (1), Leguminosae (1), Mitchell grassland (1), mortality (1), nature reserve management (1), neptunia gracilis (1), neputinia monosperma (1), nitrogen content (1), nontarget organisms (1), northwest Australia (1), nymphs (1), performance (1), phytoliths (1), Pisum sativum (1), plant diversity (1), Prickly acacia (1), Prosopis glandulosa (1), Prosopis juliflora (1), Prosopis pallida (1), Prosopis velutina (1), selenium. (1), selenocystathionine (1), selenocystine (1), semi-arid environments (1), species composition (1), spinach (1), Spinacia oleracea (1), tropics (1), vegetation history (1), weed control (1), Woody weed (1), β-cystathionase (1)


[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]



Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]


weed (93.70), medicinal (0.77), timber (0.70), fruit (0.56), poison (0.56), ornamental (0.36), starch (0.25), cereal (0.18), nutraceutical (0.18), grain legume (0.18)..


[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]



Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]


Andrew SC and Kemp DJ (2016) Stress tolerance in a novel system: Genetic and environmental sources of (co)variation for cold tolerance in the butterfly Eurema smilax. Austral Ecology 41, 529-537.

Fensham RJ, Butler DW, Fairfax RJ, Quintin AR and Dwyer JM (2016) Passive restoration of subtropical grassland after abandonment of cultivation. Journal of Applied Ecology 53, 274-283.

Kyalangalilwa B, Boatwright JS, Daru BH, Maurin O and van der Bank M (2013) Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 172, 500-523.



References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Neptunia gracilis: 9; Any undated papers have been included at the end]


Bouchenak-Khelladi Y, Maurin O, Hurter J and van der Bank M (2010) The evolutionary history and biogeography of Mimosoideae (Leguminosae): An emphasis on African acacias. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57, 495-508.

Lewis TOM, Reid N, Clarke PJ and Whalley RDB (2010) Resilience of a high-conservation-value, semi-arid grassland on fertile clay soils to burning, mowing and ploughing. Austral Ecology 35, 464-481.

Palmer WA, Lockett CJ, Senaratne KADW and McLennan A (2007) The introduction and release of Chiasmia inconspicua and C. assimilis (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) for the biological control of Acacia nilotica in Australia. Biological Control 41, 368-378.

Heard TA, Paynter Q, Chan R and Mira A (2005) Malacorhinus irregularis for biological control of Mimosa pigra: host-specificity, life cycle, and establishment in Australia. Biological Control 32, 252-262.

Lynley W (2003) An overview of leaf phytolith production patterns in selected northwest Australian flora. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 125, 201-248.

Van Klinken RD (1999) Developmental host-specificity of Mozena obtusa (Heteroptera: Coreidae), a potential biocontrol agent for Prosopis species (mesquite) in Australia. Biological control : theory and applications in pest management. 16, 283-290.

H.V.A B (1990) The role of bacterial surface charge in the ecology of root-nodule bacteria: An hypothesis. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 22, 1-9.

McCluskey TJ, Scarf AR and Anderson JW (1986) Enzyme catalysed α,β-elimination of selenocystathionine and selenocystine and their sulphur isologues by plant extracts. Phytochemistry 25, 2063-2068.

Crow VL, Jarvis BDW and Greenwood RM (1981) Deoxyribonucleic Acid Homologies Among Acid-Producing Strains of Rhizobium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 31, 152-172.

Bouchenak-Khelladi Y, Maurin O, Hurter J and van der Bank M The evolutionary history and biogeography of Mimosoideae (Leguminosae): An emphasis on African acacias. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57, 495-508.


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct; Wiley Online Library; High Wire; Oxford Journals; USDA National Agricultural Library; for synonyms: The Plant List; for common names:; etc.

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Latest update March 2017 by: ANCW