Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Nuytsia floribunda

 

 

This species name is described as Unresolved in The Plant List

 

This species has no synonyms in The Plant List

 

Common names:

Christmas Tree

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Nuytsia floribunda: 53]

 

 

Popularity of Nuytsia floribunda over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Nuytsia floribunda (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Nuytsia floribunda as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 134]

 

Monitoring (3), Phreatophyte (3), plant anatomy (3), plant morphology (3), Western Australia (3), Climate change (2), Desert shrubs (2), Drawdown (2), Eucalypt forest (2), Fire frequency (2), Fire regime management (2), Groundwater management (2), Indian sandalwood (2), Landscape-scale (2), nuytsia floribunda (2), Prescribed burning (2), Rainfall pulse (2), Rainfall response (2), Santalaceae (2), Santalum album (2), Sap velocity (2), Threshold-delay model (2), Vegetation (2), Wildfire (2), 15N discrimination (1), 15N uptake (1), Acacia acuminata (1), Acanthagenys (1), adaptive management (1), arboreal (1), arthropod assemblage (1), Banksia (1), Bayesian relaxed molecular clock (1), Boreal forest (1), botany (1), box mistletoe (1), Crematogaster (1), deficiency characteristics (1), Dispersal (1), Distribution (1), ecohydrology (1), ecological resilience (1), ecological state (1), Ectomycorrhizal roots (1), Ectomycorrhizal sporocarps (1), endophyte (1), Eremolepidaceae (1), exophyte (1), frugivore (1), fruit (1), groundwater drawdown (1), haustoria (1), haustorial structure (1), haustorium (1), healthy characteristics (1), hemiparasite (1), holoparasite (1), honeyeater (1), host plant (1), host plants (1), host range (1), Intermediate host (1), leaves (1), Loranthaceae (1), Lycaenidae (1), Mark-recapture (1), Misodendraceae (1), mistletoe specialist (1), Myrmecophily (1), N2-fixing host (1), nutrient omission (1), parasitic plants (1), parasitism (1), Parentucellia viscosa, root hemiparasite, host range, growth benefit,15N and13C signatures, amino acid composition. (1), Phylogeny (1), Picea abies (1), Pinus sylvestris (1), plant ecology (1), plant physiology (1), Plant Science and Plant Products (1), plants (1), Population size (1), Pot study (1), re-colonisation (1), root conductivity (1), root hemiparasite (1), Root hemi-parasite (1), Root hemiparasite, Nuytsia floribunda, Loranthaceae, haustorial structure, host–parasite water relations (1), Root hemiparasite, Nuytsia, Loranthaceae, growth benefit, haustorial production, nitrogen transfer from hosts (1), roots (1), sandalwood kernels (1), sandalwood seedlings (1), Santalum acuminatum (1), seed dispersal (1), seed dispersal curve (1), seed shadow (1), shoots (1), transpiration (1), Tree root system (1), Vaccinium spp. (1), Viscaceae (1), Viscum album (1), water potential (1), water relations (1), xylem (1)

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

hemiparasite (96.12), medicinal (0.53), poison (0.47), weed (0.24), nut (0.23), starch (0.15), grain legume (0.15), oilseed/fat (0.14), sweetener (0.13), pesticide (0.11)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Matthies D (2017) Interactions between a root hemiparasite and 27 different hosts: Growth, biomass allocation and plant architecture. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 24, 118-137. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1433831916300762

He T, Belcher CM, Lamont BB and Lim SL (2016) A 350-million-year legacy of fire adaptation among conifers. Journal of Ecology 104, 352-363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12513

Rokich DP (2016) Melding of research and practice to improve restoration of Banksia woodlands after sand extraction, Perth, Western Australia. Ecological Management & Restoration 17, 112-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/emr.12214

Zhang H, Wei W, Chen L and Yang L (2016) Evaluating canopy transpiration and water use of two typical planted tree species in the dryland Loess Plateau of China. Ecohydrology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eco.1830

Fiedler PL (2015) The Fascinating Ecology of Two Megadiverse Southern Hemisphere EcosystemsPlant Life on the Sandplains in Southwest Australia. Lambers H., editor. 2014. PB - University of Western Australia Press , Perth, Australia. 350 pp. $69.99 (hardcover). ISBN 13-9871742585642.Fynbos. Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation of a Megadiverse Region. Allsopp N., J. F. Colville, G. A. Verboom, editors. Cowling R. A., consulting editor. 2014. PB - Oxford University Press , Oxford, UK. 382 pp. $104.50 (hardcover). ISBN 13-9780199679584. Conservation Biology 29, 1727-1729. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12624

Fowler WM, Fontaine JB, Enright NJ and Veber WP (2015) Evaluating restoration potential of transferred topsoil. Applied Vegetation Science 18, 379-390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12162

Baskin CC and Baskin JM (2014) Chapter 11 - Germination Ecology of Plants with Specialized Life Cycles and/or Habitats. In ‘Seeds (Second Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 869-1004. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124166776000111

Barrett RL (2013) Ecological importance of sedges: a survey of the Australasian Cyperaceae genus Lepidosperma. Ann. Bot. 111, 499-529. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/111/4/499

Hnatiuk R (2013) Mistletoes of Southern Australia by AU - David M. Watson . PB - CSIRO Publishing , Collingwood, 2011. x+188 pp. Price A$49.95. ISBN: 9780643095939 (paperback, also available as an eBook). Austral Ecology 38, e10-e10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aec.12031

Lu JK, Kang LH, Sprent JI, Xu DP and He XH (2013) Two-way transfer of nitrogen between Dalbergia odorifera and its hemiparasite Santalum album is enhanced when the host is effectively nodulated and fixing nitrogen. Tree Physiol 33, 464-474. http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/33/5/464

Houston TF and Maynard GV (2012) An unusual new paracolletine bee, Leioproctus (Ottocolletes) muelleri subgen. & sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Colletidae): with notes on nesting biology and in-burrow nest guarding by macrocephalic males. Australian Journal of Entomology 51, 248-257. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-6055.2012.00867.x

Rivadavia F, de Miranda VFO, Hoogenstrijd G, Pinheiro F, Heubl G and Fleischmann A (2012) Is Drosera meristocaulis a pygmy sundew? Evidence of a long-distance dispersal between Western Australia and northern South America. Ann. Bot. 110, 11-21. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/110/1/11

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Nuytsia floribunda: 53; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Barrett RL (2013) Ecological importance of sedges: a survey of the Australasian Cyperaceae genus Lepidosperma. Ann. Bot. 111, 499-529.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/111/4/499

Lu JK, Kang LH, Sprent JI, Xu DP and He XH (2013) Two-way transfer of nitrogen between Dalbergia odorifera and its hemiparasite Santalum album is enhanced when the host is effectively nodulated and fixing nitrogen. Tree Physiol 33, 464-474.  http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/33/5/464

Rivadavia F, de Miranda VFO, Hoogenstrijd G, Pinheiro F, Heubl G and Fleischmann A (2012) Is Drosera meristocaulis a pygmy sundew? Evidence of a long-distance dispersal between Western Australia and northern South America. Ann. Bot. 110, 11-21.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/110/1/11

Bell TL and Adams MA (2011) Attack on all fronts: functional relationships between aerial and root parasitic plants and their woody hosts and consequences for ecosystems. Tree Physiol 31, 3-15.  http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/31/1/3

Burns AE, Cunningham SA and Watson DM (2011) Arthropod assemblages in tree canopies: a comparison of orders on box mistletoe (Amyema miquelii) and its host eucalypts. Australian Journal of Entomology 50, 221-230.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-6055.2011.00811.x

Rawsthorne J, Watson DM and Roshier DA (2011) Implications of movement patterns of a dietary generalist for mistletoe seed dispersal. Austral Ecology 36, 650-655.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2010.02200.x

Shane MW, McCully ME, Canny MJ, Pate JS and Lambers H (2011) Development and persistence of sandsheaths of Lyginia barbata (Restionaceae): relation to root structural development and longevity. Ann. Bot. 108, 1307-1322.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/108/7/1307

Sommer B and Froend R (2011) Resilience of phreatophytic vegetation to groundwater drawdown: is recovery possible under a drying climate? Ecohydrology 4, 67-82.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eco.124

Wittkuhn RS, McCaw L, Wills AJ, Robinson R, Andersen AN, Van Heurck P, Farr J, Liddelow G and Cranfield R (2011) Variation in fire interval sequences has minimal effects on species richness and composition in fire-prone landscapes of south-west Western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 261, 965-978.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112710007139

(2010) CURTIS’S BOTANICAL MAGAZINE: Index to Volume 26 of this Series or Volume 210 of the Whole Work. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 26, 410-417.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8748.2009.01678.x

Fay MF, Bennett JR, Dixon KW and Christenhusz MJM (2010) PARASITES, THEIR RELATIONSHIPS AND THE DISINTEGRATION OF SCROPHULARIACEAE SENSU LATO. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 26, 286-313.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8748.2009.01668.x

Froend R and Sommer B (2010) Phreatophytic vegetation response to climatic and abstraction-induced groundwater drawdown: Examples of long-term spatial and temporal variability in community response. Ecological Engineering 36, 1191-1200.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857409003322

Guo Q-S and Luo F-L (2010) Comparative studies on the growth, chlorophyll, amino acids and minerals of Thesium chinense (Santalaceae) in association with different hosts. Nordic Journal of Botany 28, 632-640.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.2010.00791.x

Hopper SD (2010) 660. NUYTSIA FLORIBUNDA. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 26, 333-368.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8748.2009.01671.x

Raven JA and Andrews M (2010) Evolution of tree nutrition. Tree Physiol 30, 1050-1071.  http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/30/9/1050

Rix M (2010) EDITORIAL. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 26, 285-285.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8748.2009.01667.x

Shane MW, McCully ME, Canny MJ, Pate JS and Lambers H (2010) Notes and Jottings

Development and persistence of sandsheaths of Lyginia barbata (Restionaceae): relation to root structural development and longevity. Journal of Medical Biography 18, 71-.  http://jmb.sagepub.com http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/108/7/1307

Zhao W and Liu B (2010) The response of sap flow in shrubs to rainfall pulses in the desert region of China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150, 1297-1306.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168192310001668

He T, Lamont BB, Krauss SL, Enright NJ and Miller BP (2009) Long-distance dispersal of seeds in the fire-tolerant shrub Banksia attenuata. Ecography 32, 571-580.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2008.05689.x

Pate JS and Verboom WH (2009) Contemporary biogenic formation of clay pavements by eucalypts: further support for the phytotarium concept. Ann. Bot. 103, 673-685.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/103/5/673

Wanntorp L and De Craene LPR (2009) Perianth evolution in the sandalwood order Santalales. Am. J. Botany 96, 1361-1371.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/96/7/1361

Göttlicher SG, Taylor AFS, Grip H, Betson NR, Valinger E, Högberg MN and Högberg P (2008) The lateral spread of tree root systems in boreal forests: Estimates based on 15N uptake and distribution of sporocarps of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Forest Ecology and Management 255, 75-81.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112707006421

Vidal-Russell R and Nickrent DL (2008) The first mistletoes: Origins of aerial parasitism in Santalales. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47, 523-537.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790308000377

Vidal-Russell R and Nickrent DL (2008) Notes and Jottings

Evolutionary relationships in the showy mistletoe family (Loranthaceae). J Med Biogr 18, 71-.  http://jmb.rsmjournals.com http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/95/8/1015

Dawson TE, Burgess SSO, Tu KP, Oliveira RS, Santiago LS, Fisher JB, Simonin KA and Ambrose AR (2007) Nighttime transpiration in woody plants from contrasting ecosystems. Tree Physiol 27, 561-575.  http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/27/4/561

De Vega C, Ortiz PL, Arista M and Talavera S (2007) The Endophytic System of Mediterranean Cytinus (Cytinaceae) Developing on Five Host Cistaceae Species. Ann. Bot. 100, 1209-1217.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/6/1209

Tennakoon KU, Bolin JF, Musselman LJ and Maass E (2007) Structural attributes of the hypogeous holoparasite Hydnora triceps Drege & Meyer (Hydnoraceae). Am. J. Botany 94, 1439-1449.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/94/9/1439

Wilson CA and Calvin CL (2006) An origin of aerial branch parasitism in the mistletoe family, Loranthaceae. Am. J. Botany 93, 787-796.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/93/5/787

Dover JW and Rowlingson B (2005) The western jewel butterfly (Hypochrysops halyaetus): factors affecting adult butterfly distribution within native Banksia bushland in an urban setting. Biological Conservation 122, 599-609.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320704004148

Cousens RD and Rawlinson AA (2001) When Will Plant Morphology Affect the Shape of a Seed Dispersal “Kernel”? Journal of Theoretical Biology 211, 229-238.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022519301923410

Rubiales D and Heide-Jørgensen HS (2001) Parasitic Plants. In ‘eLS’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0021271

Calladine A and Pate JS (2000) Haustorial Structure and Functioning of the Root Hemiparastic Tree Nuytsia floribunda(Labill.) R.Br. and Water Relationships with its Hosts. Annals of Botany 85, 723-731.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305736400911302

Calladine A and Pate JS (2000) Haustorial structure and functioning of the root hemiparasitic tree Nuytsia floribunda (Labill.) R.Br. and water relationships with its hosts. Annals of botany. 85, 723-731.

Calladine A, Pate JS and Dixon KW (2000) Haustorial Development and Growth Benefit to Seedlings of the Root Hemiparasitic Tree Nuytsia floribunda(Labill.) R.Br. in Association with Various Hosts. Annals of Botany 85, 733-740.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305736400911296

Pate JS and Bell TL (2000) Host Associations of the Introduced Annual Root Hemiparasite Parentucellia viscosa in Agricultural and Bushland Settings in Western Australia. Annals of Botany 85, 203-213.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305736499910181

Radomiljac AM, McComb JA and McGrath JF (1999) Intermediate host influences on the root hemi-parasite Santalum album L. biomass partitioning. Forest Ecology and Management 113, 143-153.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112798004216

(1998) Taxonomic Index. In ‘Seeds’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 627-666. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780120802609500142

Baskin CC and Baskin JM (1998) Chapter 11 - Germination Ecology of Plants with Specialized Life Cycles and/or Habitats. In ‘Seeds’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 459-557. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780120802609500117

(1997) Scientific and Common Names of Plants. In ‘Physiology of Woody Plants (Second Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds Theodore TK and Stephen GP) pp. 321-344. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124241626500314

(1997) Chapter 11 - Absorption of Water and Ascent of Sap. In ‘Physiology of Woody Plants (Second Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds Theodore TK and Stephen GP) pp. 237-268. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124241626500284

Barrett DR and Fox JED (1997) Santalum album: Kernel Composition, Morphological and Nutrient Characteristics of Pre-parasitic Seedlings under Various Nutrient Regimes. Annals of Botany 79, 59-66.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305736496903030

Tennakoon KU, Pate JS and Arthur D (1997) Ecophysiological Aspects of the Woody Root HemiparasiteSantalum acuminatum(R. Br.) A. DC and its Common Hosts in South Western Australia. Annals of Botany 80, 245-256.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305736497904327

Stone EL and Kalisz PJ (1991) On the maximum extent of tree roots. Forest Ecology and Management 46, 59-102.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037811279190245Q

Pate JS, Pate SR, Kuo J and Davidson NJ (1990) Growth, Resource Allocation and Haustorial Biology of the Root Hemiparasite Olax phyllanthi (Olacaceae). Ann. Bot. 65, 437-449.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/65/4/437

Pate JS, Rasins E, Rullo J and Kuo J (1986) Seed Nutrient Reserves of Proteaceae with Special Reference to Protein Bodies and their Inclusions. Ann. Bot. 57, 747-770.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/57/6/747

Struthers R, Lamont BB, Fox JED, Wijesuriya S and Crossland T (1986) Mineral Nutrition of Sandalwood (Santalum spicatum). J. Exp. Bot. 37, 1274-1284.  http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/37/9/1274

Lamont B (1985) Dispersal of the winged fruits of Nuytsia floribunda (Loranthaceae). Australian journal of ecology. 10, 187-193.

Fineran BA (1983) Ultrastructure of graniferous tracheary elements in the terrestrial mistletoe Nuytsia floribunda (Loranthaceae). Protoplasma., 1.

HICKS PJ (1982) Salt and Mineral Nutrient Levels in Fruits of Two Strand Species, Cakile maritima and Arctotheca populifolia, with Special Reference to the Effect of Salt on the Germination of Cakile. Ann. Bot. 50, 335-343.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/50/3/335

Weber HC (1979) Studies on Australian and New Zealand Loranthaceae Viscaceae. 1. The morphology and anatomy of the under iridized organs of Nuytsia floribunda (Labill.) R. Br. Untersuchungen an australischen und neuseelandischen Loranthaceae Viscaceae. 1. Zur Morphologie und Anatomie der unterirdischen Organe von Nuytsia floribunda (Labill.) R. Br. Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzen., 1.

Swain R (1978) Science and the gardener. Mistletoe. Horticulture 56, 12.

Nag KK and Johri BM (1969) Organogenesis and chromosomal constitution in embryo callus of Nuytsia floribunda. Phytomorphology 19, 4.

Sargent OH (1918) Fragments of the Flower Biology of Westralian Plants. Ann. Bot. os-32, 215-231.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org

Burrage JH (1900) ON NUYTSIA FLORIBUNDA, R. Br. Ann. Bot. os-14, 312-315.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org

Raven JA and Andrews M (1900) INDEX

Evolution of tree nutrition. Ann. Bot. os-14, 717-.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/30/9/1050

Bell TL and Adams MA Attack on all fronts: functional relationships between aerial and root parasitic plants and their woody hosts and consequences for ecosystems. Tree Physiol 31, 3-15.  http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/31/1/3

Froend R and Sommer B Phreatophytic vegetation response to climatic and abstraction-induced groundwater drawdown: Examples of long-term spatial and temporal variability in community response. Ecological Engineering 36, 1191-1200.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857409003322

Shane MW, McCully ME, Canny MJ, Pate JS and Lambers H Development and persistence of sandsheaths of Lyginia barbata (Restionaceae): relation to root structural development and longevity. Ann. Bot. 108, 1307-1322.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/108/7/1307

Wittkuhn RS, McCaw L, Wills AJ, Robinson R, Andersen AN, Van Heurck P, Farr J, Liddelow G and Cranfield R Variation in fire interval sequences has minimal effects on species richness and composition in fire-prone landscapes of south-west Western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 261, 965-978.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112710007139

Zhao W and Liu B The response of sap flow in shrubs to rainfall pulses in the desert region of China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150, 1297-1306.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168192310001668

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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