This species is usually known as:
This species has also been known as:
Mundia spinosa, Polygala spinosa
Skilpadbessie, Tortoise Berry Bush
[Number of papers mentioning Nylandtia spinosa: 15]
Popularity of Nylandtia spinosa over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Nylandtia spinosa (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Nylandtia spinosa as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)]
[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 111]
Botanical diversity (6), Commercial potential (6), New products (6), Research and development (6), Beverages (3), Commercial products (3), Food plants (3), Fruit flavours (3), Health foods (3), Herbal medicine (3), History (3), South Africa (3), Blood brain barrier (2), Central nervous system (2), descriptions (2), Drug targets (2), geographical distribution (2), Natural drugs (2), Neurological activity (2), Neurological diseases (2), Nylandtia spinosa (2), plant morphology (2), Polygalaceae (2), Ageing (1), Alzheimer's disease (1), astringency (1), biological nomenclature (1), Cape herbal medicine (1), chemical defence (1), Depression (1), DNA fingerprinting (1), Epilepsy (1), Ethnobotany (1), flavanols (1), flowers (1), genes (1), genetic relationships (1), indigenous species (1), keys (1), Khoikhoi (1), leaves (1), Medicinal plants (1), mediterranean shrubland. (1), Mental health (1), molecular sequence data (1), Mundia (1), Muraltia spinosa (1), new combination (1), Nylandtia scoparia (1), Phenolics (1), phylogeny (1), plant anatomy (1), plant taxonomy (1), polyphenols (1), proanthocyanidins (1), Psiloclada (1), San (1), scoparia variety (1), South African traditional medicine (1), spinosa variety (1), synonymy (1), tannins (1), taxonomy (1), varieties (1)
Most likely scope for
crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]
medicinal (42.42), nutraceutical (12.25), beverage (6.97), vegetable (6.30), honey (4.53), starch (2.04), weed (1.79), boundary (1.57), timber (1.44), cereal (1.44)…..
[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]
Recent mentions of
this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]
Chinsembu KC (2016) Tuberculosis and nature’s pharmacy of putative anti-tuberculosis agents. Acta Tropica 153, 46-56. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001706X15301261
Erasmus SW, Hoffman LC, Muller M and van der Rijst M (2016) Variation in the sensory profile of South African Dorper lamb from extensive grazing systems. Small Ruminant Research 144, 62-74. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448816301821
Erasmus SW, Muller M, van der Rijst M and Hoffman LC (2016) Stable isotope ratio analysis: A potential analytical tool for the authentication of South African lamb meat. Food Chemistry 192, 997-1005. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814615011541
References 1901-2013 (and
links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Nylandtia spinosa: 15; Any undated papers have been included at the end]
B.-E VW (2011) The potential of South African plants in the development of new food and beverage products. South African Journal of Botany 77, 857-868. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911001116
B.-E VW (2011) The potential of South African plants in the development of new medicinal products. South African Journal of Botany 77, 812-829. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911001190
Van Wyk BE (2011) The potential of South African plants in the development of new food and beverage products. South African Journal of Botany 77, 857-868. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911001116
Van Wyk BE (2011) The potential of South African plants in the development of new medicinal products. South African Journal of Botany 77, 812-829. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911001190
Gomes NGM, Campos MG, Ã“rfÃ£o JoMC and Ribeiro CAF (2009) Plants with neurobiological activity as potential targets for drug discovery. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 33, 1372-1389. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278584609002620
Gomes NGM, Campos MG, Órfão JMC and Ribeiro CAF (2009) Plants with neurobiological activity as potential targets for drug discovery. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 33, 1372-1389. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278584609002620
Amabeoku GJ (2008) Anticonvulsant activity of Nylandtia spinosa L. Dumont (Polygalaceae) aqueous and methanol leaf extracts in mice. Human and Experimental Toxicology 27, 811-818. http://het.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/27/11/811
B.-E vW (2008) A review of Khoi-San and Cape Dutch medical ethnobotany. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 119, 331-341. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887410800398X
Gulumian M and Savolainen K (2008) Scientific investigations in African herbal remedies is an imperative and not an indulgence. Human and Experimental Toxicology 27, 791-792. http://het.sagepub.com
Stafford GI, Pedersen ME, van Staden J and Jäger AK (2008) Review on plants with CNS-effects used in traditional South African medicine against mental diseases. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 119, 513-537. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874108004492
Diome C, Mitaine-Offer AC, Miyamoto T, Delaude C, Mirjolet JF, Duchamp O and Lacaille-Dubois MA (2007) Saponins from the roots of Nylandtia spinosa. J Nat Prod 70, 1680-2.
Forest F and Manning JC (2006) Evidence for Inclusion of South African Endemic Nylandtia in Muraltia (Polygalaceae). Systematic botany. 31, 525-532.
R.J dP (2003) FRUITS OF TROPICAL CLIMATES | Lesser-known Fruits of Africa. In ‘Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds Editor-in-Chief: Benjamin C) pp. 2800-2810. (Academic Press: Oxford). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X00537X
Johnson CT and Weitz FM (1991) A re-evaluation of Nylandtia (Polygalaceae). South African journal of botany : official journal of the South African Association of Botanists = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir plantkunde : amptelike tydskrif van die Suid-Afrikaanse Genootskap van Plantkundiges. 57, 229-233.
Glyphis JP and Puttick GM (1988) Phenolics in some southern african mediterranean shrubland plants. Phytochemistry 27, 743-751. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/003194228884086X
Van Wyk BE The potential of South African plants in the development of new food and beverage products. South African Journal of Botany 77, 857-868. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911001116
Van Wyk BE The potential of South African plants in the development of new medicinal products. South African Journal of Botany 77, 812-829. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911001190
RIRDC Farm Diversity Website: http://www.farmdiversity.com.au/
RIRDC New and Developing Plant
RIRDC New Crop Industries Handbook
Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.
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Latest update March 2017 by: ANCW