Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Nymphaea stellata

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Nymphaea stellate

 

This species has also been known as:

Nymphaea stellata var. cyanea, Nymphaea stellata var. parviflora, Nymphaea stellata var. versicolor

 

Common names:

Star Lotus, Red, Blue Water Lily, Blue Star Water Lily

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Nymphaea stellata: 73]

 

 

Popularity of Nymphaea stellata over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Nymphaea stellata (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Nymphaea stellata as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 323]

 

Carbon tetrachloride (8), Diabetes mellitus (5), Hepatoprotective effect (5), Nymphaea stellata (5), Oxidative stress (5), Antioxidant (4), Hepatotoxicity (4), Medicinal plants (4), blood glucose (3), Internet resource (3), Lipid peroxidation (3), Nymphaea (3), 2D electrophoresis (2), Acacia nilotica (2), Active principles (2), acute toxicity (2), Alcoholic liver injury (2), Alloxan (2), Alloxan diabetes (2), <ARROW Alloxan monohydrate (2), Antifungal activity (2), Antioxidant activity (2), Antioxidation (2), Axonopus compressus (2), Biophytum sensitivum (2), Broth microdilution method (2), Carbohydrate metabolism (2), Corn oligopeptides (2), Cynodon dactylon (2), Diabetes (2), ESI-MS/MS profiling (2), Ethanol (2), Ethyl acetate extract (2), Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2) (2), Fermentation (2), flowers (2), Fungi (2), gallic acid (2), genotoxicity (2), glycemic effect (2), hepatoprotective (2), Hesperidin, Oxidative stress, tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BuOOH), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) (2), Hexane extract (2), Histology (2), hyperglycemia (2), Immunohistochemical (2), Lipid metabolism (2), Methanol extract (2), Minimum inhibitory concentration (2), Nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor (Nrf2) (2), Nymphayol (2), oral administration (2), Phenolic compounds (2), Phenolics (2), Phytochemical (2), plant anatomy (2), plant extracts (2), plant morphology (2), Pu-erh tea (2), ReDOWN>generation (2), Sea tangle (2), Solanum torvum (2), Streptozotocin (2), Streptozotocin-nicotinamide (2), Tert-butyl hydroperoxide (2), Abutilon indicum (1), Acrolein (1), Allyl alcohol (1), alpha-glucosidase (1), Alternaria alternata (1), Altitude (1), AM fungi (1), Amidopyrine-N-demethylase (1), Aniline hydroxylase (1), animal disease models (1), animal models (1), Antibacterial (1), Antidiabetic effect (1), Anti-hepatotoxic (1), Antihepatotoxic effect (1), antilipidperoxidative effect (1)…..

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

poison (22.39), oilseed/fat (14.98), psychoactive (10.54), medicinal (8.04), timber (7.75), aquatic (5.34), ornamental (3.92), beverage (3.44), dye (3.11), grain legume (1.94)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Ng YS and Chan DJC (2017) Wastewater phytoremediation by Salvinia molesta. Journal of Water Process Engineering 15, 107-115. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214714416303555

Zhu F (2017) Structures, properties, and applications of lotus starches. Food Hydrocolloids 63, 332-348. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0268005X1630385X

Han Z and Cui B (2016) Development of an integrated stress index to determine multiple anthropogenic stresses on macrophyte biomass and richness in ponds. Ecological Engineering 90, 151-162. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857416300519

Mohammed Abdus Satter M, Khan MMRL, Jabin SA, Abedin N, Islam MF and Shaha B (2016) Nutritional quality and safety aspects of wild vegetables consume in Bangladesh. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 6, 125-131. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169115002737

Piyaboon O, Pawongrat R, Unartngam J, Chinawong S and Unartngam A (2016) Pathogenicity, host range and activities of a secondary metabolite and enzyme from Myrothecium roridum on water hyacinth from Thailand. Weed Biology and Management 16, 132-144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wbm.12104

Chatterjee K, Bandyopadhyay A, Ghosh A and Kar S (2015) Assessment of environmental factors causing wetland degradation, using Fuzzy Analytic Network Process: A case study on Keoladeo National Park, India. Ecological Modelling 316, 1-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030438001500335X

Subash-Babu P, Ignacimuthu S and Alshatwi AA (2015) Nymphayol increases glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by RIN-5F cells and GLUT4-mediated insulin sensitization in type 2 diabetic rat liver. Chemico-Biological Interactions 226, 72-81. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009279714003895

Antonisamy P, Subash-Babu P, Alshatwi AA, Aravinthan A, Ignacimuthu S, Choi KC and Kim J-H (2014) Gastroprotective effect of nymphayol isolated from Nymphaea stellata (Willd.) flowers: Contribution of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic activities. Chemico-Biological Interactions 224, 157-163. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009279714002695

Gairola S, Sharma J and Bedi YS (2014) A cross-cultural analysis of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh (India) medicinal plant use. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 155, 925-986. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114004772

Quamar MF and Bera SK (2014) Pollen production and depositional behaviour of teak (Tectona grandis Linn. F.) and sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn. F.) in tropical deciduous forests of Madhya Pradesh, India: An overview. Quaternary International 325, 111-115. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213004394

Friedman WE and Bachelier JB (2013) Seed development in Trimenia (Trimeniaceae) and its bearing on the evolution of embryo-nourishing strategies in early flowering plant lineages. Am. J. Botany 100, 906-915. http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/5/906

Mukherjee PK, Nema NK, Pandit S and Mukherjee K (2013) Chapter 23 - Indian Medicinal Plants with Hypoglycemic Potential A2 - Watson, Ronald Ross. In ‘Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes’ (Ed.^(Eds Preedy VR) pp. 235-264. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123971531000226

Parimala M and Shoba FG (2013) Phytochemical analysis and In vitro antioxidant acitivity of hydroalcoholic seed extract of Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 3, 887-895. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169113601744

Singh R, Ali A, Gupta G, Semwal A and Jeyabalan G (2013) Some medicinal plants with aphrodisiac potential: A current status. Journal of Acute Disease 2, 179-188. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221618913601249

Singh R, Ali A, Jeyabalan G and Semwal A (2013) Current status of Indian medicinal plants with aphrodisiac potential. Journal of Acute Disease 2, 13-21. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221618913600888

Soliman AM, Abu-El-Zahab HS and Alswiai GA (2013) Efficacy evaluation of the protein isolated from Peganum harmala seeds as an antioxidant in liver of rats. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 6, 285-295. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764513600589

Ullah MO, Haque M, Urmi KF, Md. Zulfiker AH, Anita ES, Begum M and Hamid K (2013) Anti–bacterial activity and brine shrimp lethality bioassay of methanolic extracts of fourteen different edible vegetables from Bangladesh. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 3, 1-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169113600155

Verma PR, Itankar PR and Arora SK (2013) Evaluation of antidiabetic antihyperlipidemic and pancreatic regeneration, potential of aerial parts of Clitoria ternatea. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 23, 819-829. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0102695X13701108

Ananda PK, Kumarappan CT, Christudas S and Kalaichelvan VK (2012) Effect of Biophytum sensitivum on streptozotocin and nicotinamide-induced diabetic rats. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 31-35. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169111601858

Friedman WE, Bachelier JB and Hormaza JI (2012) Embryology in Trithuria submersa (Hydatellaceae) and relationships between embryo, endosperm, and perisperm in early-diverging flowering plants. Am. J. Botany 99, 1083-1095. http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/6/1083

Girish C and Pradhan SC (2012) Indian herbal medicines in the treatment of liver diseases: problems and promises. Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology 26, 180-189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-8206.2011.01011.x

Yu G-C, Lv JIE, He HUI, Huang WEN and Han Y (2012) HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF CORN PEPTIDES AGAINST CARBON TETRACHLORIDE-INDUCED LIVER INJURY IN MICE. Journal of Food Biochemistry 36, 458-464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2011.00551.x

Zhang F, Zhang J and Li Y (2012) Corn oligopeptides protect against early alcoholic liver injury in rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology 50, 2149-2154. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691512002761

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Nymphaea stellata: 73; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Friedman WE and Bachelier JB (2013) Seed development in Trimenia (Trimeniaceae) and its bearing on the evolution of embryo-nourishing strategies in early flowering plant lineages. Am. J. Botany 100, 906-915.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/5/906

Ananda PK, Kumarappan CT, Christudas S and Kalaichelvan VK (2012) Effect of Biophytum sensitivum on streptozotocin and nicotinamide-induced diabetic rats. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 31-35.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169111601858

Friedman WE, Bachelier JB and Hormaza JI (2012) Embryology in Trithuria submersa (Hydatellaceae) and relationships between embryo, endosperm, and perisperm in early-diverging flowering plants. Am. J. Botany 99, 1083-1095.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/6/1083

Girish C and Pradhan SC (2012) Indian herbal medicines in the treatment of liver diseases: problems and promises. Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology 26, 180-189.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-8206.2011.01011.x

Yu G-C, Lv JIE, He HUI, Huang WEN and Han Y (2012) HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF CORN PEPTIDES AGAINST CARBON TETRACHLORIDE-INDUCED LIVER INJURY IN MICE. Journal of Food Biochemistry 36, 458-464.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2011.00551.x

Zhang F, Zhang J and Li Y (2012) Corn oligopeptides protect against early alcoholic liver injury in rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology 50, 2149-2154.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691512002761

Duraipandiyan V and Ignacimuthu S (2011) Antifungal activity of traditional medicinal plants from Tamil Nadu, India. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 1, S204-S215.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169111601573

Gandhi GR, Ignacimuthu S and Paulraj MG (2011) Solanum torvum Swartz. fruit containing phenolic compounds shows antidiabetic and antioxidant effects in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology 49, 2725-2733.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691511004091

Ibeh BO and Ezeaja MI (2011) Preliminary study of antidiabetic activity of the methanolic leaf extract of Axonopus compressus (P. Beauv) in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 138, 713-716.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111007367

Karthik D and Ravikumar S (2011) Proteome and phytochemical analysis of Cynodon dactylon leaves extract and its biological activity in diabetic rats. Biomedicine &amp; Preventive Nutrition 1, 49-56.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2210523911000055

Maldini M, Montoro P, Hamed AI, Mahalel UA, Oleszek W, Stochmal A and Piacente S (2011) Strong antioxidant phenolics from Acacia nilotica: Profiling by ESI-MS and qualitative–quantitative determination by LC–ESI-MS. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 56, 228-239.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0731708511002780

Chen M, Gu H, Ye Y, Lin B, Sun L, Deng W, Zhang J and Liu J (2010) Protective effects of hesperidin against oxidative stress of tert-butyl hydroperoxide in human hepatocytes. Food and Chemical Toxicology 48, 2980-2987.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691510004953

Duh P-D, Wang B-S, Liou S-J and Lin C-J (2010) Cytoprotective effects of pu-erh tea on hepatotoxicity in vitro and in vivo induced by tert-butyl-hydroperoxide. Food Chemistry 119, 580-585.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030881460900870X

Huang Y-N, Zhao Y-L, et al. (2010) Intestinal α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and toxicological evaluation of Nymphaea stellata flowers extract. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 131, 306-312.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110004514

Inogwabini B-I, Dianda M and Lingopa Z (2010) The use of breeding sites of Tilapia congica (Thys & van Audenaerde 1960) to delineate conservation sites in the Lake Tumba, Democratic Republic of Congo: toward the conservation of the lake ecosystem. African Journal of Ecology 48, 800-806.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2009.01180.x

Lee B-J, Senevirathne M, et al. (2010) Protective effect of fermented sea tangle against ethanol and carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic damage in Sprague–Dawley rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology 48, 1123-1128.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691510000918

Lu X, Chen H, Dong P, Fu L and Zhang X (2010) Phytochemical characteristics and hypoglycaemic activity of fraction from mushroom Inonotus obliquus. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 90, 276-280.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3809

Raja M, Sethiya N and Mishra S (2010) A comprehensive review on Nymphaea stellata: A traditionally used bitter. J Adv Pharm Technol Res 1, 311-9.

(2009) Graphical contents list. Bioorganic &amp; Medicinal Chemistry 17, 2635-2644.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0968089609002752

Guo H, Sun J, He H, Yu G-C and Du J (2009) Antihepatotoxic effect of corn peptides against Bacillus Calmette-Guerin/lipopolysaccharide-induced liver injury in mice. Food and Chemical Toxicology 47, 2431-2435.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691509003111

La-ongsri W, Trisonthi C and Balslev H (2009) A synopsis of Thai Nymphaeaceae. Nordic Journal of Botany 27, 97-114.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.2009.00295.x

Subash-Babu P, Ignacimuthu S, Agastian P and Varghese B (2009) Partial regeneration of β-cells in the islets of Langerhans by Nymphayol a sterol isolated from Nymphaea stellata (Willd.) flowers. Bioorganic &amp; Medicinal Chemistry 17, 2864-2870.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0968089609001552

Subash-Babu P, Ignacimuthu S, Agastian P and Varghese B (2009) Partial regeneration of beta-cells in the islets of Langerhans by Nymphayol a sterol isolated from Nymphaea stellata (Willd.) flowers. Bioorg Med Chem 17, 2864-70.

Subash-Babu P, Ignacimuthu S, Agastian P and Varghese B (2009) Partial regeneration of β-cells in the islets of Langerhans by Nymphayol a sterol isolated from Nymphaea stellata (Willd.) flowers. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 17, 2864-2870.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0968089609001552

Bhadauria M, Nirala SK and Shukla S (2008) Multiple treatment of propolis extract ameliorates carbon tetrachloride induced liver injury in rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology 46, 2703-2712.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691508002135

Hangloo RL (2008) Agricultural Technology in Kashmir (A.D. 1600 to 1900). The Medieval History Journal 11, 63-99.  http://mhj.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/11/1/63

Heimsch C and Seago JL, Jr. (2008) Organization of the root apical meristem in angiosperms. Am. J. Botany 95, 1-21.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/95/1/1

Piatek M, Vanky K, Mossebo DC and Piatek J (2008) Doassansiopsis caldesiae sp. nov. and Doassansiopsis tomasii: two remarkable smut fungi from Cameroon. Mycologia 100, 662-672.  http://www.mycologia.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/4/662

Rajagopal K and Sasikala K (2008) Antihyperglycaemic and antihyperlipidaemic effects of Nymphaea stellata in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Singapore Med J 49, 137-41.

Rajagopal K, Sasikala K and Ragavan B (2008) Hypoglycemic and Antihyperglycemic Activity of Nymphaea stellata Flowers in Normal and Alloxan Diabetic Rats. Pharmaceutical biology. 46, 654-659.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13880200802182554

Shi Y, Sun J, He H, Guo H and Zhang S (2008) Hepatoprotective effects of Ganoderma lucidum peptides against d-galactosamine-induced liver injury in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 117, 415-419.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874108001050

(2007) Subject Index Volume 78 (2007). Fitoterapia 78, 624-635.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X07002407

(2007) Plant Index Volume 78 (2007). Fitoterapia 78, 636-642.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X07002419

Dhanabal SP, Mohan Maruga Raja MK, Ramanathan M and Suresh B (2007) Hypoglycemic activity of Nymphaea stellata leaves ethanolic extract in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Fitoterapia 78, 288-291.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X07000809

Dhanabal SP, Raja MK, Ramanathan M and Suresh B (2007) Hypoglycemic activity of Nymphaea stellata leaves ethanolic extract in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Fitoterapia 78, 288-91.

Jadon A, Bhadauria M and Shukla S (2007) Protective effect of Terminalia belerica Roxb. and gallic acid against carbon tetrachloride induced damage in albino rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 109, 214-218.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874106003709

Radhika KP and Rodrigues BF (2007) Arbuscular Mycorrhizae in association with aquatic and marshy plant species in Goa, India. Aquatic Botany 86, 291-294.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304377006001707

Raja S, Ahamed KFHN, Kumar V, Mukherjee K, Bandyopadhyay A and Mukherjee PK (2007) Antioxidant effect of Cytisus scoparius against carbon tetrachloride treated liver injury in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 109, 41-47.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874106003254

(2006) Appendix 3 - Glossary of Āyurvedic Herbs, Minerals and Animal Products. In ‘Ayurveda’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 318-323. (Mosby: Edinburgh). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780723434108500726

Hung M-Y, Fu TY-C, Shih P-H, Lee C-P and Yen G-C (2006) Du-Zhong (Eucommia ulmoides Oliv.) leaves inhibits CCl4-induced hepatic damage in rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology 44, 1424-1431.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691506000792

Lacoul P and Freedman B (2006) Relationships between aquatic plants and environmental factors along a steep Himalayan altitudinal gradient. Aquatic Botany 84, 3-16.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304377005001294

Sailaja R and Setty OH (2006) Protective effect of Phyllanthus fraternus against allyl alcohol-induced oxidative stress in liver mitochondria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 105, 201-209.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874105007336

Liscombe DK, MacLeod BP, Loukanina N, Nandi OI and Facchini PJ (2005) Evidence for the monophyletic evolution of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in angiosperms. Phytochemistry 66, 1374-1393.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003194220500186X

Liscombe DK, MacLeod BP, Loukanina N, Nandi OI and Facchini PJ (2005) Erratum to “Evidence for the monophyletic evolution of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in angiosperms” [Phytochemistry 66 (2005) 1374–1393]. Phytochemistry 66, 2500-2520.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942205004255

Samarakoon UC and Peiris SE (2005) Control of circadian rhythm-regulated nyctinastic movement in water lily (Nymphea stellata Willd.) flowers. Journal of horticultural science & biotechnology. 80, 167-170.  http://www.jhortscib.com/

Bhandarkar MR and Khan A (2004) Antihepatotoxic effect of Nymphaea stellata willd., against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic damage in albino rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 91, 61-64.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874103004434

Friedman WE and Williams JH (2004) Developmental Evolution of the Sexual Process in Ancient Flowering Plant Lineages. PLANT CELL 16, S119-132.  http://www.plantcell.org

Tiwari BK and Rani S (2004) MEDICINAL, FOOD AND AROMATIC PLANTS | Edible Products from the Forest. In ‘Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences’ (Ed.^(Eds Editor-in-Chief:   Jeffery B) pp. 541-550. (Elsevier: Oxford). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0121451607002581

Babu RM, Sajeena A and Seetharaman K (2003) Bioassay of the potentiality of Alternaria alternata (Fr.) keissler as a bioherbicide to control waterhyacinth and other aquatic weeds. Crop Protection 22, 1005-1013.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261219403001157

William E F (2001) Comparative embryology of basal angiosperms. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 4, 14-20.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1369526600001291

Yamada T, Imaichi R and Kato M (2001) Developmental morphology of ovules and seeds of Nymphaeales. Am. J. Botany 88, 963-974.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/88/6/963

Seago JL, Jr., Peterson CA, Kinsley LJ and Broderick J (2000) Development and Structure of the Root Cortex in Caltha palustris L. and Nymphaea odorata Ait. Ann. Bot. 86, 631-640.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/86/3/631

Seago Jr JL, Peterson CA, Kinsley LJ and Broderick J (2000) Development and Structure of the Root Cortex in Caltha palustris L. and Nymphaea odorata Ait. Annals of Botany 86, 631-640.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305736400911077

Shukla JB and Dubey B (1996) Effect of changing habitat on species: application to Keoladeo National Park, India. Ecological Modelling 86, 91-99.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0304380094001944

Meike P (1995) Taxonomic studies on Ustilaginales from Costa Rica. Mycological Research 99, 783-788.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0953756209807260

Lucienne W (1994) Status, distribution and conservation of two Madagascar bird species endemic to Lake Alaotra: Delacour’s grebe Tachybaptus rufolavatus and Madagascar pochard Aythya innotata. Biological Conservation 69, 15-21.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0006320794903247

Les DH and Philbrick CT (1993) Studies of hybridization and chromosome number variation in aquatic angiosperms: evolutionary implications. Aquatic Botany 44, 181-228.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0304377093900714

A.K P (1991) Conservation of wildlife resources in wetland ecosystems of Kashmir, India. Journal of Environmental Management 33, 143-154.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479705800908

Grosse W, Bernhard Büchel H and Tiebel H (1991) Pressurized ventilation in wetland plants. Aquatic Botany 39, 89-98.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/030437709190024Y

Jha V, Kargupta AN, Dutta RN, Jha UN, Mishra RK and Saraswati KC (1991) Utilization and conservation of Euryale ferox Salisbury in Mathila (North Bihar), India. Aquatic Botany 39, 295-314.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/030437709190005P

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Middelkoop TB and Laba RP (1983) Evaluation of Asoka Aristha, an indigenous medicine in Sri Lanka. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 8, 313-320.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0378874183900685

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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