Australian New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Quassia amara

Keywords

[Total number of keywords: 1445]

 

Medicinal plants (23), Quassia amara (19), Quassinoids (16), traditional medicine (14), Simarouba amara (13), Simaroubaceae (13), malaria (12), ethnobotany (10), alkaloids (8), Plant extracts (8), essential oil (7), Ethnopharmacology (7), Antimalarial (6), medicinal properties (6), Plasmodium (6), Plasmodium falciparum (6), simalikalactone D (6), antioxidant (5), Costa Rica (5), cytotoxicity (5), diterpene (5), gastric ulcer (5), Internet resource (5), Triterpene (5), Antimalarial activity (4), Antiulcer activity (4), Diabetes Mellitus (4), Ethanol (4), French Guiana (4), Gastroprotection (4), Medicinal plant (4), Meliaceae (4), Natural products (4), phenylpropanoid (4), pollination (4), rearrangements (4), Suriname (4), activation of imines (3), Analgesic (3), antidiabetic (3), Antifertility (3), antimalarials (3), Azadirachta indica (3), azadirachtin (3), Baylis-Hillman reaction (3), bioassay (3), Biogeography (3), Brazil (3), Culex quinquefasciatus (3), cyclopentenones (3), dehydration (3), Eastern Nicaragua (3), esterification (3), Ethnomedicine (3), fission-rearrangement of epoxides (3), Flavonoids (3), fluoroarenes (3), functional group transformations (3), glycosylation (3), hetero-Diels–Alder reaction (3), Hypsipyla grandella (3), intramolecular acylation (3), leaves (3), Mahogany shootborer (3), Nigeria (3), P. falciparum (3), plant extract (3), Quassia amara L. (3), quassin (3), Sapindales (3), sperm density (3), sperm motility (3), substitution (3), Terpene (3), Traditional remedy (3), triterpenes (3), wood (3), (E)- to (Z)-isomerization (2), (E)-styrenes (2), [3 + 2]cycloaddition (2), [3 + 2]cycloadditions (2), [3,3]sigmatropic rearrangements (2), 1,2-acyl rearrangement of α,β-epoxy ketones (2), 1,2-alkyl shift (2), 1,2-amino alcohols (2), 1,3-oxazacycles (2), 3-acyltetrahydrofurans (2), 4,5-dihydro-4-hydroxy-6H-1,3-thiazines (2), 4-alkynyl ketones (2), 5-metallated 2,3-dihydrofurans (2), activation (2), acute toxicity (2), Adam Smith (2), addition and cycloaddition (2), addition reactions (2), aldol reactions (2), aldol reactions with enol silyl ethers (2), aldolization-fragmentation (2), aldol-type reaction (2), alkaloid (2), Alkaloide (2), alkenyl methyl sulfides (2), alkoxy displacement (2), alkylations (2), alkynyl ketones (2), allylation (2), allylic alcohols from sulfones (2), allylic, benzylic, or tertiary bromides (iodides) (2), Amastigotes (2), Amazonian littoral community (2), amidation of carboxylic acids (2), ancestral character states (2), Anethole (2), Anopheles subpictus (2), antifeedant (2), antifeeding index (2), Antihyperglycemic effect (2), Antileishmanial (2), Antinociceptive (2), Antiprotozoal activity (2), antiprotozoal agents (2), Anti-ulcer (2), Anti-ulcerogenic (2), Antiulcerogenic activity (2), Apoptosis (2), Aqueous extracts (2), arylation with a homocuprate (2), Asteraceae (2), Astringency (2), Aza-Cope rearrangement (2), aziridines (2), Balsaminaceae (2), bicyclic furanes (2), Bignoniaceae (2), Biodiversität (2), biopesticide (2), Biphenylneolignans (2), Bitter tonics (2), Bitterstoffe (2), Blood glucose (2), boron heterocycles (2), botany (2), Bottegoa (2), brief-exchange mutualisms (2), bromination (2), Bumblebee (2), C-acylation (2), Canthin-6-one (2), carbamates (2), Carbohydrate metabolism enzymes (2), catalysis of Diels-Alder reactions (2), Catha edulis (2), Cedrelopsis (2), C-glycosidation (2), Chayahuita (2), cheating (2), chemical constituents of plants (2), cholesterol (2), cis-hydroazulenes (2), Claisen condensation of acetoacetate dianion (2), cleavage of oxetanes (2), cleavage of oxides (2), cleavage of t-BOC peptide derivatives (2), cleavage of t-butyldimethylsilyl ethers (2), cleavage of tosylhydrazones (2), clerodin (2), coevolution (2), Colombia (2), condensation of aldehydes with α-mercurio ketones (2), coupling reactions (2), Croton zehntneri (2), cumulenyl aldehydes (2), cuprate conjugate additions (2), cyclic mutation (2), cyclization (2), cyclization and cycloreversion (2), cyclization of a pentadiene to a cyclopentene (2), cyclization of costunolide (2), cyclization of epoxy β-keto esters (2), cyclization of humulene-4,5-epoxide (2), cyclization of isocyanates (2), cyclization reactions (2), cyclization with rearrangement (2), cycloadditions (2), cyclocondensation of aldehydes with silyloxydienes (2), cyclopentenone annelation (2), cyclopropanation (2), Cytokine (2), dealkylation (2), dehydration of tert-alcohols (2), deoxygenation (2), desulfurization (2), Developmental constraints (2), diabetes (2), diastereoselective aldol reactions (2), Diels-Alder catalyst (2), Diels-Alder reactions of α-ethenylidenecyclanones (2), Diels-Alder reactions with p-quinones (2), DR Congo (2), dyslipidemia (2), Eclipta prostrata (2), Electron microscopic study (2), epoxide rearrangements (2), epoxy alcohol to aldol rearrangement (2), Esculin (2), European Union (EU) situation (2), Eurycoma longifolia (2), Evolution of seed number (2), Fasting blood glucose (2), feeding deterrent (2), flavour legislation (2), flavouring properties, odour-producing affecting taste (2), flavourings, food additives having little legislation (2), floral evolution (2), floral variation (2), fluorescence (2), fluoroamine reagents (2), foraging behaviour (2), friedel-crafts reaction (2), FTNF (from named fruit) - extracts derived from named fruit (2), fused ring C-glycosides (2), Gastric barrier mucus (2), Gastric lesion (2), gastric mucus (2), Gastric protection (2), Gastroprotective (2), Gastroprotective effect (2), Gastroprotective mechanisms (2), generally recognised as safe (GRAS) (2), glucose tolerance (2), Grape (2), Healing action (2), HeLa cells (2), Herbal baths (2), herbal medicines (2), Herbal therapy (2), Herbs (2), heterocycles (2), HF generation (2), Hirsutinolides (2), Historical ethnobotany (2), Historical sources (2), homoallylic amines (2), hummingbirds (2), hydrolysis of a methyl ether (2), hydrolysis of dimethylhydrazones (2), Hypericum perforatum (2), Hyptis spicigera Lam. (2), Impatiens balsamina Linn. (2), Indomethacin (2), insect (2), insecticide (2), Insulin (2), intramolecular addition of diazoketones to olefins (2), isomerization of glycidic esters (2), Khat (2), Kohlenhydrate (2), K-statistic (2), lactonization (2), Leishmaniasis (2), Leydig cells (2), limonoid (2), macrocyclization (2), Macrosolen cochinchinensis (2), male reproduction (2), Mannich reactions (2), Mannich-type reaction (2), Mannich-type reactions (2), Maternal–infant health (2), mode of action (2), monoterpene (2), morphological evolution (2), Mukaiyama aldol reaction (2), mutualistic ecosystems (2), natural flavour - containing natural ingredients (2), natural product (2), Naturstoffe (2), nazarov cyclization (2), nectar (2), nectar robbing (2), non-protein sulfhydryl groups (2), opening of 3-membered heterocycles (2), Opioid system (2), Oral (2), Oral hypoglycemic agent (2), organolithium additions (2), oxidative decomposition of nitrite esters (2), Pagel's ancestral character state reconstruction (2), Pain (2), partner choice (2), partner fidelity (2), partner sanctions (2), Peptic ulcer (2), peptide cleavage (2), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (2), Peru (2), phagodeterrence (2), phenotypic integration (2), photocyclization of arylimines (2), phylogenetically independent contrasts (2), Phytoconstituent (2), plant biochemistry (2), Plant derived compounds (2), plant physiology (2), Plant Science and Plant Products (2), plant-pollinator interaction (2), plants (2), Plasma insulin (2), Plasmodium berghei berghei (2), polyols (2), Polyphenole (2), polyprenylquinones (2), primary alcohol protection (2), protecting group switch (2), protein (2), protiodesilylation (2), Pseudelephantopus spicatus (2), Ptaeroxylaceae (2), Ptaeroxylon (2), purification (2), pyridine ring formation (2), Quality (2), quantitative traits (2), Quassia undulata (2), Quassinoid (2), quinone tetracycloaddition (2), reaction with steroidal 24,28-epoxides (2), reactions of 3-membered heterocycles (2), reactions of alkyne–cobalt complexes (2), redox reactions (2), regeneration of 3β-hydroxy- Δ5-steroids from 3,5-cyclo derivatives (2), registration (2), reproduction (2), retro-Claisen rearrangement (2), reversal of regiospecificity in Diels–Alder reactions (2), ring expansion of epoxides and oxetanes (2), ring formation (2), Ruta chalepensis (2), Rutaceae (2), Rutaceae sensu lato (2), ryanoid (2), Sechium pittieri (2), selective demethylation (2), self-compatibility (2), sesquiterpene (2), Silver nanoparticles (2), silylated enynes (2), Simaba ferruginea (2), Simarubaceae (2), Snakebites (2), Spathelioideae (2), Spices (2), stabilized carbocations (2), steroidal O-tetrahydropyran-2-yl derivatives (2), Streptozitocin (2), structure elucidation (2), substitution of lactols (2), sulfoxides (2), Survey (2), sustainable production (2), syn-1,2-amino alcohols (2), syn-selective addition of crotylmetals to aldehydes (2), synthesis of (±)-cuparene (4) (2), testosterone (2), the common good (2), thiele reaction (2), thiolactones (2), Toxicity (2), trans-2-alkyltetrahydrofurane-3-carbaldehydes (2), trans-bishomobenzene (2), tributylborane (2), tritiation of arenes (2), two basic methods of legislation - positive and negative (2), Vermouth (2), Viscosity (2), Winti (2), WONF (with other natural flavourings) (2), X-ray diffraction analysis (2), Zanthoxylum rhoifolium (2), α,β-acetylenic ketones (2), α-methylene-γ-butyrolactones (2), β-glucopyranosides (2), γ-ketoesters (2), Δ2-oxazolines (2), (core) Brassicales (1), 18-hydroxy-quassin. (1), 20th century (1), 3-ketosteroids. (1), 5-Methoxycanthin-6-one (1), A. mexicana (1), Acanthaceae (1), Accessory sex organs (1), Acid (1), action potential (1), adaptation (1), Adaptogens (1), Aflatoxin B1 (1), Afrormosia laxiflora (1), AGS cells (1), albino rat (1), Albizia lebbeck (1), Alchornea castaneaefolia (1), aldol condensation of acetals (1), aldol condensation of acetals; spiroannelation (1), allelopathy (1), allozymes (1), Alternative medicine (1), Amaranthus spinosus (1), Amazon forest (1), Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae) (1), Anethol (1), Animal health (1), antenna-heart (1), Anthelmintic (1), anticoagulant (1), Anti-dyspeptic agent (1), Antiedematogenic effect (1), Antifeeding (1), antifertility activity (1), Anti-Helicobacter pylori (1), antihyperglycaemic (1), Antimalarial drug (1), Anti-malarial plants (1), antimicrobial (1), antimicrobial activity (1), antimicrobial properties (1), antineoplastic agents (1), Antinociceptive effect (1), antioestrogen-like activities (1), antiplasmodial (1), Antiplasmodial activity (1), Antiplasmodial assays (1), Antispermatogenic (1), antispermatogenic agents (1), Antiulcer (1), Artesunate (1), Aspergillus section Flavi (1), Asthma (1), awaiting discovery (1), Azatin (1), B. atrox venom (1), Baccan-Typ (1), baccharane type (1), bananaquits (1), batter (1), B-carboline alkaloid (1), bechamel (1), beer (1), behaviour (1), benzaldehyde (1), benzene ring (1), Bioactive compounds (1), biochemical evolution (1), Bioinsecticide (1), Biological activities (1), biological production (1), biopesticides (1), Biosphere 2 (1), birds (1), Bitter-cup (1), Bitterwood (1), Bloat control (1), Blood profiles (1), Boerhaavia erecta (1), Bolivia (1), Bombus spp (1), botanical insecticides (1), Bougainvilla spectabilis (1), Boxwood for medicinal use (1), Brazilian phytopharmaceutical product (1), breeding system (1), bummingbird pollination (1), Byrsonima crassa (1), callus (1), Carbachol pre-contracted ileum (1), Carbaryl (1), Caribbean ethnobotany (1), Cedrelopsis grevei (1), cell culture (1), cell suspension culture (1), character reconstruction (1), Charge transfer (1), chemical analysis (1), Chemical composition (1), chemical structure (1), chemically defined flavouring substances (1), chemogeographical radiation. (1), chemosystematics (1), Chromophore (1), cinnamaldehyde (1), Circular dichroism (1), Cirrose criptogénica (1), Cola nitida (1), commercial development (1), common toadflax (1), Concentrated preparation (1), Contact dermatitis (1), corolla perforation (1), Correlations (1), crenatine (1), Croton cajucara (1), Cryptogenic Cirrhosis (1), culture medium (1), daily activity (1), damage patterns (1), degree-days (1), demography (1), deterrent (1), developmental stages (1), diastereoselective addition of chiral (E)-crotylsilanes to RCHO (1), diastereoselective addition of chiral (E)-crotylsilanes to RCHO; tetrahydrofurans (1), dihydronorneoquassin. (1), Dipole strength (1), disease control agents (1), Dispersal (1), Domestication (1), Dose suggestions (1), drug development (1), drug discovery (1), drug formulations (1), Drug interaction (1), ecology (1), Economics (1), ED50 (1), Electric transition moment (1), emulsion (1), enantiomer (1), Enantiomeric carvones (1), encapsulation (1), Endogenous sulphydryls (1), endotoxins (1), enology (1), enzymatic (1), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (1), Epididymis (1), Erectile dysfunction (1), Erythrina (1), Essential oils (1), Esteato-hepatite não alcoólica (1), Ethnopharmacopoeia (1), Ethnoveterinary medicine (1), Euphorbiaceae (1), evolved dependence (1), Exciton coupling (1), extracts (1), F344 rats (1), families, with species of questionable toxicity or significance (1), Faramea occidentalis (1), febrifugine (1), female advantage (1), Ferruginol (1), fertility (1), fertility regulation (1), Ficus glomerata (1), field collected larva (1), flavour industry (1), flavouring ingredients (1), floral morphology (1), Flowering plants (1), folk medicine (1), Fossil calibration (1), fossil evidence (1), frontal ganglion (1), frugivore (1), Fruit borer (1), fruit juice (1), fungicides (1), future prospects (1), Garífuna (1), Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (1), Glechoma longituba (1), Glycine max (1), Glycosides (1), gonadotropin release (1), gonane type (1), Gonan-Typ (1), growth promoters (1), gynodioecious (1), Haemorrhage (1), half ecdysis (1), Hay fever (1), herbal remedies (1), herbal tea (1), Hibiscus cannabinus (1), high performance liquid chromatography (1), history (1), HIV (1), Honduras (1), honey bees (1), hopane type (1), Hopan-Typ (1), Hummingbird (1), Hydrangea macrophylla var. Otaksa (1), hypoglycaemic (1), IGR (1), Impatiens, touch-me-not's explosive dehiscence of capsules (1), in vitro studies (1), In vivo (1), In vivo assays (1), inbreeding (1), Indigenous management (1), indoles (1), Industrial dermatitis (1), inhibition (1), insect control agents (1), insect control compound resource (1), insects (1), intoxication from P. quinquefolia, lethal in children (1), iridals (1), Israel (1), Jamaica quassia extract (JQE) (1), Kakum National Park (1), Kallawaya (1), KAP (1), laboratory-colonised larva (1), larval-pupal intermediate (1), Larvicide (1), LC/ESI-MS (1), LC–MS/MS (1), LC–MS/MS (1), leaf litter leacheate (1), Leaf tea (1), Leaves essential oil (1), Leguminosae (1), Leitneria floridana (1), Leitneriaceae (1), Lichens (1), limonoids and quassinoids (1), linear triterpenes (1), lineare Triterpene (1), Liverworts (1), Magnetic transition moment (1), Mahogany (1), Maize (1), male (1), Malnourished rats (1), Malpighiaceae (1), Malvaceae (1), Malvales (1), marginality (1), Markets (1), Maroons (1), Martinique (1), mass bioscreening (1), Medicinal flora (1), Medicinals (1), Medium-term liver bioassay (1), Megachiroptera (1), members of the Aizoaceae, and oxalate salt accumulation (1), mesoamerican symbolism (1), Mesocosm (1), Methanogensis (1), mice (1), microbial insecticides (1), Microchiroptera (1), Midwifery (1), Midwifery medicinals (1), Migration (1), Molecular clock (1), Monoterpenoids (1), Morinda lucida (1), mortality (1), Mosquito (1), Mouriri myrtilloides subsp. parvifolia (1), mutualism (1), naphthoquinones, biological activity (1), Natural insecticides (1), natural mortality factors (1), natural product pesticides (1), Nature based antimalarials (1), nectar rewards (1), nectar robber (1), nectar robbing Panama (1), Neem (1), nematicides (1), Neo-quassin (1), Neutralization (1), Nim 80 (1), Nonalcoholic esteatohepatitis (1), non-polar lipid constituents (1), Non-timber forest products (1), nuclear magnetic resonance (1), Obesidade (1), Obesity (1), oestrogen and progesterone receptors (1), oestrous cycle (1), other natural products (1), other pentacyclic triterpenes (1), Oureata lucens (1), overcompensation (1), overwintered queen (1), P. berghei NK65 (1), P. chabaudi AS (1), Panama (1), Paralobesia viteana (1), parasitoids (1), passerine (1), pentacyclic triterpenes (1), Periplaneta americana (1), pesticide alternative (1), petroleum ether extract (1), Pharmacological screening (1), Phrygilus patagonicus (1), phylogeny (1), phylogeography (1), phytochemicals (1), phytochemicals, from essential oils (1), phytochemicals, in insect control (1), Picrasma excelsa, (Swartz) Planchon (1), Pineapple (1), Pitcairnia angustifolia (1), plant anatomy (1), plant biodiversity (1), plant biodiversity as bio-resource, plant defence mechanisms (1), plant biodiversity, resources for natural products (1), plant compounds (1), plant defense (1), plant growth regulators (1), Plant mixtures (1), plant morphology (1), plant reproductive success (1), plant species (1), plant-derived cyclotides (1), plant–herbivore interaction (1), Plasmodium yoelii (1), Plasmodium yoelii 17XL (1), pollen export (1), pollination biology (1), pollinator behavior (1), Polyalthia longifolia (1), Polyphenols (1), Pradosia huberi (1), Proechimys semispinosus (1), proximate response (1), Psychotna marginata (1), Pterocarpus erinaceus (1), Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (1), quassinoid glycosides (1), quassinoids. (1), Rainforest (1), Rama midwifery (1), rats (1), raw materials (1), rbcL (1), refugia (1), reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (1), rodenticides (1), Rotational strength (1), Rubiaceae (1), Ruminant (1), Ryania speciosa (1), sandwich method (1), Saponin (1), secondary robbers (1), Sedative effect (1), selective nectar robbing (1), semiochemicals (1), Semisynthetic antimalarials (1), Senecio brasiliensis (1), Sephanoides galeritus (1), Sertoli cells (1), Sida acuta (1), Slave trade (1), snakebite (1), Snakes (1), somatic embryogenesis (1), South African genus Sceletium, alkaloids as phenanthridine of Liliaceae (1), spectral analysis (1), spectrometry (1), sperm (1), Sperm characteristics (1), spermatogenesis (1), spermicidal (1), spermiogenesis (1), Sphenocentrum jollyanum (1), spiroannelation (1), spring ephemeral (1), standing crop (1), steroidogenesis (1), structure–activity relationships (1), structure–activity relationships (1), Strymon megarus (1), Stylosanthes fruticosa (1), sucrose (1), suspension culture (1), systematics (1), Tannin (1), terpenes (1), testis (1), tetracyclic triterpenes (1), tetrahydrofurans (1), the Aizoaceae or fig marigold family, 130–157 genera (1), the Bignoniaceae, trumpet creeper/catalpa, flowers prized as ornamentals (1), the Cleomaceae or spiderflower, of the tropics and warm-temperate (1), the Myrtaceae, or myrtle family, ecologically/economically important (1), Thecla (1), thermal constant (1), thin layer chromatography (1), tissue culture (1), Tonic-cup (1), Tonics (1), Toona ciliata (1), Total lipoprotein lipase activity (1), Total stereoselective synthesis and synthetic gradual fragmentation (1), Trade (1), Traditional birth attendant (TBA) training programs (1), Traditional drugs (1), Traditional medicine Africa (1), Traditional treatment (1), Treatment (1), tree diversity (1), Triacylglycerol content (1), Trigona (1), Tumor promotion (1), Ulceration (1), Ulcerative colitis (1), ultimate response (1), ultraviolet light (1), Urticaria (1), Use value (1), uterine horn growth (1), weed control agents (1), Weigela (1), West African plants (1), Women's knowledge (1), Xylocopa sinensis (1), Zootherapy (1), α-Glucosidase (1)

 

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 July 2014 by: ANCW