Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Quercus incana

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Quercus incana

 

This species has no synonyms in The Plant List

 

Common names:

Bluejack Oak, Upland Willow Oak, Sandjack Oak, Cinnamon Oak

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Quercus incana: 216]

 

 

Popularity of Quercus incana over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Quercus incana (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Quercus incana as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 851]

 

ABTS+ (2), Tannins (30), condensed tannins (14), digestibility (11), In vitro gas production (10), Goats (9), oak leaves (9), Tannin (8), nutritive value (7), Polyethylene glycol (7), gas production (6), Phenolics (6), Sheep (6), Tannic acid (6), browse (5), Longleaf pine (5), Quercus leucotrichophora (5), Acacia cyanophylla (4), Beef cattle (4), Fatty acids (4), Feed intake (4), Hydrolysable tannin (4), Meat <ARROW quality (4), Pakistan (4), Plant communities (4), protein precipitation capacity (4), Shrubs (4), cattle (3), Chestnut tannins (3), Condensed tannin (3), fibre (3), forestry (3), India (3), Lipid oxidation (3), Methane (3), methane production (3), Milk yield (3), PEG (3), phenols (3), Pollen (3), Polyphenolics (3), Quebracho tannin (3), Quercus (3), rumen fermentation (3), ruminants (3), Small ruminants (3), total phenols (3), Urea (3), White-rot fungi (3), Wood ash (3), Altitudinal variation (2), animal nutrition (2), animal science (2), Anti-helmintic (2), Antioxidant activity (2), Average daily gain (2), Biological spectrum (2), Caecal fermentation (2), Carotte marine (2), chemical composition (2), Climatic conditions (2), Composition (2), Coniferous forest (2), Conservation (2), conservation challenges (2), Dairy sheep (2), Diet composition (2), Digestion (2), Dissolved organic carbon (2), ellagic acid (2), Ensilage (2), Environmental variables (2), Ethnobotany and local people (2), Feed blocks (2)DOWN>, Fermentation (2), Fire fuel reduction (2), Fire management (2), Floristic appraisal (2), Forest diversity (2), Forest structure (2), Forest-use types (2), Grape pomace (2), Growth (2), Growth performances (2), Hardwood (2), heat treatment (2), High ambient temperature (2), Holocene (2), human disturbance (2), hydrolyzable tannins (2), Hyphomycota (2), Indian monsoon (2), Inhibition (2), Intake (2), Ivermectin (2), Juniperus pinchotii (2), L3 migration (2), Leaf decomposition (2)…..

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

tannin (96.78), fodder (0.69), weed (0.29), fruit (0.22), medicinal (0.19), nutraceutical (0.11), ornamental (0.11), dietary fibre (0.10), hemiparasite (0.10), breeding (0.10)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

(2017) 21 - Systemic and Multi-Organ Diseases A2 - Constable, Peter D. In Veterinary Medicine (Eleventh Edition). (Ed.^(Eds Hinchcliff KW, Done SH and Grünberg W) pp. 2002-2214. (W.B. Saunders). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780702052460000218

Brockway DG and Outcalt KW (2017) Influence of reproduction cutting methods on structure, growth and regeneration of longleaf pine forests in flatwoods and uplands. Forest Ecology and Management 389, 249-259. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112716305370

Ahmad M, Khan MPZ, Mukhtar A, Zafar M, Sultana S and Jahan S (2016) Ethnopharmacological survey on medicinal plants used in herbal drinks among the traditional communities of Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 184, 154-186. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116300824

Bhandari S, Momohara A, Uhl D and Paudayal KN (2016) Paleoclimatic significance of the late Quaternary plant macrofossils from the Gokarna Formation, Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 228, 98-112. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034666716000129

Biswas O, Ghosh R, Paruya DK, Mukherjee B, Thapa KK and Bera S (2016) Can grass phytoliths and indices be relied on during vegetation and climate interpretations in the eastern Himalayas? Studies from Darjeeling and Arunachal Pradesh, India. Quaternary Science Reviews 134, 114-132. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379116300051

Cherry MJ, Warren RJ and Mike Conner L (2016) Fear, fire, and behaviorally mediated trophic cascades in a frequently burned savanna. Forest Ecology and Management 368, 133-139. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112716300706

Hatew B, Stringano E, Mueller-Harvey I, Hendriks WH, Carbonero CH, Smith LMJ and Pellikaan WF (2016) Impact of variation in structure of condensed tannins from sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) on in vitro ruminal methane production and fermentation characteristics. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 100, 348-360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12336

Khan W, Khan SM, Ahmad H, Ahmad Z and Page S (2016) Vegetation mapping and multivariate approach to indicator species of a forest ecosystem: A case study from the Thandiani sub Forests Division (TsFD) in the Western Himalayas. Ecological Indicators 71, 336-351. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X16303892

Xie Pj, Huang Lx, Zhang Ch and Zhang Yl (2016) Nutrient assessment of olive leaf residues processed by solid-state fermentation as an innovative feedstuff additive. Journal of Applied Microbiology 121, 28-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jam.13131

Brockway DG and Outcalt KW (2015) Influence of selection systems and shelterwood methods on understory plant communities of longleaf pine forests in flatwoods and uplands. Forest Ecology and Management 357, 138-150. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112715004454

Danskin S and Davis B (2015) Chapter 24 - Sand Hills State Forest, South Carolina, United States of America A2 - Siry, Jacek P. In Forest Plans of North America. (Ed.^(Eds Bettinger P, Merry K, Grebner DL, Boston K and Cieszewski C) pp. 209-215. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780127999364000242

Joshi K and Bhatt D (2015) Avian species distribution along elevation at Doon Valley (foot hills of western Himalayas), Uttarakhand, and its association with vegetation structure. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 8, 158-167. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2287884X15000254

Khan A-u and Gilani A-H (2015) Natural Products Useful in Respiratory Disorders: Focus on Side-Effect Neutralizing Combinations. Phytotherapy Research 29, 1265-1285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5380

Lavin SR, Sullivan KE, Wooley SC, Robinson R, Singh S, Stone K, Russell S and Valdes EV (2015) Nutrient and plant secondary compound composition and iron-binding capacity in leaves and green stems of commonly used plant browse (Carolina willow; Salix caroliniana) fed to zoo-managed browsing herbivores. Zoo Biology 34, 565-575. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21244

Raju J, Sahoo B, Chandrakar A, Sankar M, Garg AK, Sharma AK and Pandey AB (2015) Effect of feeding oak leaves (Quercus semecarpifolia vs Quercus leucotricophora) on nutrient utilization, growth performance and gastrointestinal nematodes of goats in temperate sub Himalayas. Small Ruminant Research 125, 1-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448815000048

Riasi A, Mahdavi AH and Bayat E (2015) Effect of different levels of raw and heated grass pea seed (Lathyrus sativus) on nutrient digestibility, intestinal villus morphology and growth performance of broiler chicks. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 99, 924-931. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12319

Cochard R and Dar MEUI (2014) Mountain farmers׳ livelihoods and perceptions of forest resource degradation at Machiara National Park, Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Environmental Development 10, 84-103. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211464514000190

Kumar K, Chaudhary LC, Agarwal N and Kamra DN (2014) Effect of feeding tannin degrading bacterial culture (Streptococcus gallolyticus strain TDGB 406) on nutrient utilization, urinary purine derivatives and growth performance of goats fed on Quercus semicarpifolia leaves. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 98, 879-885. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12151

Lashley MA, Chitwood MC, Prince A, Elfelt MB, Kilburg EL, DePerno CS and Moorman CE (2014) Subtle effects of a managed fire regime: A case study in the longleaf pine ecosystem. Ecological Indicators 38, 212-217. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X1300424X

Murari MK, Owen LA, Dortch JM, Caffee MW, Dietsch C, Fuchs M, Haneberg WC, Sharma MC and Townsend-Small A (2014) Timing and climatic drivers for glaciation across monsoon-influenced regions of the Himalayan–Tibetan orogen. Quaternary Science Reviews 88, 159-182. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379114000201

Naskar D, Barua RR, Ghosh AK and Kundu SC (2014) 1 - Introduction to silk biomaterials. In Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 3-40. (Woodhead Publishing). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978085709699950001X

Piluzza G, Sulas L and Bullitta S (2014) Tannins in forage plants and their role in animal husbandry and environmental sustainability: a review. Grass and Forage Science 69, 32-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gfs.12053

Sardans J and Peñuelas J (2014) Hydraulic redistribution by plants and nutrient stoichiometry: Shifts under global change. Ecohydrology 7, 1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eco.1459

Stadler M, Læssøe T, Fournier J, Decock C, Schmieschek B, Tichy H-V and Peršoh D (2014) A polyphasic taxonomy of Daldinia (Xylariaceae)1. Studies in Mycology 77, 1-143. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166061614602347

Duan W, Kotlia BS and Tan M (2013) Mineral composition and structure of the stalagmite laminae from Chulerasim cave, Indian Himalaya, and the significance for palaeoclimatic reconstruction. Quaternary International 298, 93-97. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618212002030

Gauri SS, Mandal SM, Atta S, Dey S and Pati BR (2013) Novel route of tannic acid biotransformation and their effect on major biopolymer synthesis in Azotobacter sp. SSB81. Journal of Applied Microbiology 114, 84-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jam.12030

Salem AZM, Zhou C-s, Tan Z-l, Mellado M, Salazar MC, Elghandopur MMMY and Odongo NE (2013) In vitro Ruminal Gas Production Kinetics of Four Fodder Trees Ensiled With or Without Molasses and Urea. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 12, 1234-1242. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095311913604384

Shakeri P, Riasi A, Alikhani M, Fazaeli H and Ghorbani GR (2013) Effects of feeding pistachio by-products silage on growth performance, serum metabolites and urine characteristics in Holstein male calves. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 97, 1022-1029. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12005

Wright JK, Williams M, Starr G, McGee J and Mitchell RJ (2013) Measured and modelled leaf and stand-scale productivity across a soil moisture gradient and a severe drought. Plant, Cell & Environment 36, 467-483. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2012.02590.x

Burrows GE and Tyrl RJ (2012) Fagaceae Dumort. In Toxic Plants of North America. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 675-689. (Wiley-Blackwell). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118413425.ch36

Das M, Royer TV and Leff LG (2012) Interactions between aquatic bacteria and an aquatic hyphomycete on decomposing maple leaves. Fungal Ecology 5, 236-244. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1754504811001206

Gauri SS, Mandal SM, Atta S, Dey S and Pati BR (2012) Novel route of tannic acid biotransformation and their effect on major biopolymer synthesis in Azotobacter sp. SSB81. Journal of Applied Microbiology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jam.12030

Kotlia BS, Ahmad SM, Zhao J-X, Raza W, Collerson KD, Joshi LM and Sanwal J (2012) Climatic fluctuations during the LIA and post-LIA in the Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, India: Evidence from a 400 y old stalagmite record. Quaternary International 263, 129-138. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618212000407

Liu H, Zhou D, Tong J and Vaddella V (2012) Influence of chestnut tannins on welfare, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and lipid oxidation in rabbits under high ambient temperature. Meat Science 90, 164-169. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0309174011002348

Narvaez N, Brosh A and Pittroff W (2012) Use of n-alkanes to estimate seasonal diet composition and intake of sheep and goats grazing in California chaparral. Small Ruminant Research 104, 129-138. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448811004044

Paudel PK and Kindlmann P (2012) Human disturbance is a major determinant of wildlife distribution in Himalayan midhill landscapes of Nepal. Animal Conservation 15, 283-293. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2011.00514.x

Ribeiro L, Pinheiro V, Outor-Monteiro D, Mourão J, Bezerra RMF, Dias AA, Bennett RN, Marques G and Rodrigues MAM (2012) Effects of the dietary incorporation of untreated and white-rot fungi (Ganoderma resinaceum Boud) pre-treated olive leaves on growing rabbits. Animal Feed Science and Technology 173, 244-251. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840112000478

Shaheen H, Ullah Z, Khan SM and Harper DM (2012) Species composition and community structure of western Himalayan moist temperate forests in Kashmir. Forest Ecology and Management 278, 138-145. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112712002642

Shakeri P, Riasi A, Alikhani M, Fazaeli H and Ghorbani GR (2012) Effects of feeding pistachio by-products silage on growth performance, serum metabolites and urine characteristics in Holstein male calves. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12005

Wright JK, Williams M, Starr G, McGee J and Mitchell RJ (2012) Measured and modelled leaf and stand-scale productivity across a soil moisture gradient and a severe drought. Plant, Cell & Environment, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2012.02590.x

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Quercus incana: 216; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Burrows GE and Tyrl RJ (2012) Fagaceae Dumort. In ‘Toxic Plants of North America’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 675-89. (Wiley-Blackwell). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118413425.ch36

Das M, Royer TV and Leff LG (2012) Interactions between aquatic bacteria and an aquatic hyphomycete on decomposing maple leaves. Fungal Ecology 5, 236-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1754504811001206

Gauri SS, Mandal SM, Atta S, Dey S and Pati BR (2012) Novel route of tannic acid biotransformation and their effect on major biopolymer synthesis in Azotobacter sp. SSB81. Journal of Applied Microbiology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jam.12030

Kotlia BS, Ahmad SM, Zhao J-X, Raza W, Collerson KD, Joshi LM and Sanwal J (2012) Climatic fluctuations during the LIA and post-LIA in the Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, India: Evidence from a 400 y old stalagmite record. Quaternary International 263, 129-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618212000407

Liu H, Zhou D, Tong J and Vaddella V (2012) Influence of chestnut tannins on welfare, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and lipid oxidation in rabbits under high ambient temperature. Meat Science 90, 164-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0309174011002348

Narvaez N, Brosh A and Pittroff W (2012) Use of n-alkanes to estimate seasonal diet composition and intake of sheep and goats grazing in California chaparral. Small Ruminant Research 104, 129-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448811004044

Paudel PK and Kindlmann P (2012) Human disturbance is a major determinant of wildlife distribution in Himalayan midhill landscapes of Nepal. Animal Conservation 15, 283-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2011.00514.x

Ribeiro L, Pinheiro V, Outor-Monteiro D, Mourão J, Bezerra RMF, Dias AA, Bennett RN, Marques G and Rodrigues MAM (2012) Effects of the dietary incorporation of untreated and white-rot fungi (Ganoderma resinaceum Boud) pre-treated olive leaves on growing rabbits. Animal Feed Science and Technology 173, 244-51. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840112000478

Shaheen H, Ullah Z, Khan SM and Harper DM (2012) Species composition and community structure of western Himalayan moist temperate forests in Kashmir. Forest Ecology and Management 278, 138-45. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112712002642

Shakeri P, Riasi A, Alikhani M, Fazaeli H and Ghorbani GR (2012) Effects of feeding pistachio by-products silage on growth performance, serum metabolites and urine characteristics in Holstein male calves. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12005

Wright JK, Williams M, Starr G, McGee J and Mitchell RJ (2012) Measured and modelled leaf and stand-scale productivity across a soil moisture gradient and a severe drought. Plant, Cell & Environment, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2012.02590.x

Adnan M and Hölscher D (2011) Medicinal plants in old-growth, degraded and re-growth forests of NW Pakistan. Forest Ecology and Management 261, 2105-14. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112711001472

Kirchoff BK, Leggett R, Her V, Moua C, Morrison J and Poole C (2011) Principles of visual key construction-with a visual identification key to the Fagaceae of the southeastern United States. AoB Plants 2011, plr005-. http://aobpla.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/2011/0/plr005

Loudermilk EL, Cropper Jr WP, Mitchell RJ and Lee H (2011) Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) and hardwood dynamics in a fire-maintained ecosystem: A simulation approach. Ecological Modelling 222, 2733-50. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304380011002626

Maamouri O, Atti N, Kraiem K and Mahouachi M (2011) Effects of concentrate and Acacia cyanophylla foliage supplementation on nitrogen balance and milk production of grazing ewes. Livestock Science 139, 264-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871141311000382

Mapiye C, Chimonyo M, Marufu MC and Dzama K (2011) Utility of Acacia karroo for beef production in Southern African smallholder farming systems: A review. Animal Feed Science and Technology 164, 135-46. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037784011100023X

Pérez V, Doce RR, García-Pariente C, Hervás G, Carmen Ferreras M, Mantecón ÁR and Frutos P (2011) Oak leaf (Quercus pyrenaica) poisoning in cattle. Research in Veterinary Science 91, 269-77. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034528811000166

Rashid A, Swati MF, Sher H and Al-Yemeni MN (2011) Phytoecological evaluation with detail floristic appraisal of the vegetation arround Malam Jabba, Swat, Pakistan. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 1, 461-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169111601019

Sher H and Al_yemeni M (2011) Economically and ecologically important plant communities in high altitude coniferous forest of Malam Jabba, Swat, Pakistan. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 18, 53-61. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1319562X10001026

Whitney TR, Lee AE, Klein DR, Scott CB, Craig TM and Muir JP (2011) A modified in vitro larvae migration inhibition assay using rumen fluid to evaluate Haemonchus contortus viability. Veterinary Parasitology 176, 217-25. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304401710006151

Kotlia BS, Sanwal J, Phartiyal B, Joshi LM, Trivedi A and Sharma C (2010) Late Quaternary climatic changes in the eastern Kumaun Himalaya, India, as deduced from multi-proxy studies. Quaternary International 213, 44-55. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618209002997

Krueger WK, Gutierrez-Bañuelos H, Carstens GE, Min BR, Pinchak WE, Gomez RR, Anderson RC, Krueger NA and Forbes TDA (2010) Effects of dietary tannin source on performance, feed efficiency, ruminal fermentation, and carcass and non-carcass traits in steers fed a high-grain diet. Animal Feed Science and Technology 159, 1-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840110001719

Patra AK (2010) Meta-analyses of effects of phytochemicals on digestibility and rumen fermentation characteristics associated with methanogenesis. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 90, 2700-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4143

Vasta V, Yanez-Ruiz DR, Mele M, Serra A, Luciano G, Lanza M, Biondi L and Priolo A (2010) Bacterial and Protozoal Communities and Fatty Acid Profile in the Rumen of Sheep Fed a Diet Containing Added Tannins. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 76, 2549-55. http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/76/8/2549

Al-Dobaib SN (2009) Effect of different levels of Quebracho tannin on nitrogen utilization and growth performance of Najdi sheep fed alfalfa (Medicago sativa) hay as a sole diet. Animal Science Journal 80, 532-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-0929.2009.00662.x

Archetti M (2009) Phylogenetic analysis reveals a scattered distribution of autumn colours. Ann. Bot. 103, 703-13. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/103/5/703

Calow P (2009) A. In ‘The Encyclopedia of Ecology & Environmental Management’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 1-65. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd.). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781444313253.ch1

Doce RR, HervÁs G, Belenguer A, Toral PG, GirÁldez FJ and Frutos P (2009) Effect of the administration of young oak (Quercus pyrenaica) leaves to cattle on ruminal fermentation. Animal Feed Science and Technology 150, 75-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840108002691

Doce RR, Hervás G, Belenguer A, Toral PG, Giráldez FJ and Frutos P (2009) Effect of the administration of young oak (Quercus pyrenaica) leaves to cattle on ruminal fermentation. Animal Feed Science and Technology 150, 75-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840108002691

Iftikhar B, Perveen S, Malik A, Sultana N, Arayne S and Muhammad P (2009) Structural determination of quercusides A and B, new flavonoid glucosides from Quercus incana, by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. Magn Reson Chem 47, 605-8.

Ivory SJ and LÉzine A-M (2009) Climate and environmental change at the end of the Holocene Humid Period: A pollen record off Pakistan. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 341, 760-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1631071309000078

Liu HW, Gai F, Gasco L, Brugiapaglia A, Lussiana C, Guo KJ, Tong JM and Zoccarato I (2009) Effects of chestnut tannins on carcass characteristics, meat quality, lipid oxidation and fatty acid composition of rabbits. Meat Science 83, 678-83. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0309174009002265

Shafique CM, Barkati S, Oshida T and Ando M (2009) Comparison of nest trees of two sympatric flying squirrel species in northern Pakistan. Mammalian Biology - Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 74, 240-4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1616504709000287

Spanghero M, Salem AZM and Robinson PH (2009) Chemical composition, including secondary metabolites, and rumen fermentability of seeds and pulp of Californian (USA) and Italian grape pomaces. Animal Feed Science and Technology 152, 243-55. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840109001400

Adams JM, Green WA and Zhang Y (2008) Leaf margins and temperature in the North American flora: Recalibrating the paleoclimatic thermometer. Global and Planetary Change 60, 523-34. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818107001166

Bagheripour E, Rouzbehan Y and Alipour D (2008) Effects of ensiling, air-drying and addition of polyethylene glycol on in vitro gas production of pistachio by-products. Animal Feed Science and Technology 146, 327-36. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840108000059

Barceloux DG (2008) Oaks (Quercus Species). In ‘Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 894-6. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470330319.ch161

Campbell A (2008) Toxicology: Conkers, Acorns and Beechnuts -potential autumnal poisons in pets. Companion Animal 13, 86-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-3862.2008.tb00545.x

Huang W, Niu H, Li Z, He Y, Gong W and Gong G (2008) Optimization of ellagic acid production from ellagitannins by co-culture and correlation between its yield and activities of relevant enzymes. Bioresource Technology 99, 769-75. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960852407001101

Kane JM, Varner JM and Hiers JK (2008) The burning characteristics of southeastern oaks: Discriminating fire facilitators from fire impeders. Forest Ecology and Management 256, 2039-45. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112708005884

Sharma RK, Singh B and Sahoo A (2008) Exploring feeding value of oak (Quercus incana) leaves: Nutrient intake and utilization in calves. Livestock Science 118, 157-65. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871141308000279

Stewart AJ and Stewart RF (2008) Phenols. In ‘Encyclopedia of Ecology’. (Ed.^(Eds Editors-in-Chief:  Sven Erik J and Brian F) pp. 2682-9. (Academic Press: Oxford). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080454054004171

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Laube S and Zotz G (2006) Long-term changes of the vascular epiphyte assemblage on the palm Socratea exorrhiza in a lowland forest in Panama. Journal of Vegetation Science 17, 307-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2006.tb02450.x

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Rimmer DL (2006) Free radicals, antioxidants, and soil organic matter recalcitrance. European Journal of Soil Science 57, 91-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2005.00735.x

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Zhou M and Buongiorno J (2006) Forest landscape management in a stochastic environment, with an application to mixed loblolly pine–hardwood forests. Forest Ecology and Management 223, 170-82. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112705006948

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Ben Salem H, Abidi S, Makkar HPS and Nefzaoui A (2005) Wood ash treatment, a cost-effective way to deactivate tannins in Acacia cyanophylla Lindl. foliage and to improve digestion by Barbarine sheep. Animal Feed Science and Technology 122, 93-108. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840105001549

Ben Salem H, Saghrouni L and Nefzaoui A (2005) Attempts to deactivate tannins in fodder shrubs with physical and chemical treatments. Animal Feed Science and Technology 122, 109-21. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840105001501

Bento MHL, Acamovic T and Makkar HPS (2005) The influence of tannin, pectin and polyethylene glycol on attachment of 15N-labelled rumen microorganisms to cellulose. Animal Feed Science and Technology 122, 41-57. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840105001513

Bento MHL, Makkar HPS and Acamovic T (2005) Effect of mimosa tannin and pectin on microbial protein synthesis and gas production during in vitro fermentation of 15N-labelled maize shoots. Animal Feed Science and Technology 123-124, Part 1, 365-77. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840105001653

Bist A, Kumar L, Roy I, Ravindran P, Gaurs SN and Singh AB (2005) Clinico-immunologic evaluation of allergy to Himalayan tree pollen in atopic subjects in India—a new record. Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol 23, 69-78.

Gasmi-Boubaker A, Kayouli C and Buldgen A (2005) In vitro gas production and its relationship to in situ disappearance and chemical composition of some Mediterranean browse species. Animal Feed Science and Technology 123-124, Part 1, 303-11. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840105001604

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Parissi ZM, Papachristou TG and Nastis AS (2005) Effect of drying method on estimated nutritive value of browse species using an in vitro gas production technique. Animal Feed Science and Technology 123-124, Part 1, 119-28. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840105001926

Priolo A, Bella M, Lanza M, Galofaro V, Biondi L, Barbagallo D, Salem HB and Pennisi P (2005) Carcass and meat quality of lambs fed fresh sulla (Hedysarum coronarium L.) with or without polyethylene glycol or concentrate. Small Ruminant Research 59, 281-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448805001550

Singh B, Sahoo A, Sharma R and Bhat TK (2005) Effect of polethylene glycol on gas production parameters and nitrogen disappearance of some tree forages. Animal Feed Science and Technology 123-124, Part 1, 351-64. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840105001768

Wina E, Tangendjaja B and Susana IWR (2005) Effects of chopping, and soaking in water, hydrochloric acidic and calcium hydroxide solutions on the nutritional value of Acacia villosa for goats. Animal Feed Science and Technology 122, 79-92. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840105001446

Yildiz S, Kaya I, Unal Y, Aksu Elmali D, Kaya S, Cenesiz M, Kaya M and Oncuer A (2005) Digestion and body weight change in Tuj lambs receiving oak (Quercus hartwissiana) leaves with and without PEG. Animal Feed Science and Technology 122, 159-72. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037784010500146X

Ammar H, López S, González JS and Ranilla MJ (2004) Chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of some Spanish browse plant species. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 84, 197-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1635

Giannoutsou EP, Meintanis C and Karagouni AD (2004) Identification of yeast strains isolated from a two-phase decanter system olive oil waste and investigation of their ability for its fermentation. Bioresource Technology 93, 301-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960852403003213

Gravendeel B, Smithson A, Slik FJW and Schuiteman A (2004) Epiphytism and pollinator specialization: drivers for orchid diversity? Phil Trans R Soc B 359, 1523-35. http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/cgi/content/abstract/359/1450/1523

López J, Tejada I, Vásquez C, Garza JdD and Shimada A (2004) Condensed tannins in humid tropical fodder crops and their in vitro biological activity: Part 1. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 84, 291-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1651

López J, Tejada I, Vásquez C, Garza JdD and Shimada A (2004) Condensed tannins in tropical fodder crops and their in vitro biological activity: Part 2. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 84, 295-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1653

Melaku S, Peters KJ and Tegegne A (2004) Supplementation of Menz ewes with dried leaves of Lablab purpureus or graded levels of Leucaena pallida 14203 and Sesbania sesban 1198: effects on feed intake, live weight gain and estrous cycle. Animal Feed Science and Technology 113, 39-51. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840103003407

Mlambo V, Smith T, Owen E, Mould FL, Sikosana JLN and Mueller-Harvey I (2004) Tanniniferous Dichrostachys cinerea fruits do not require detoxification for goat nutrition: in sacco and in vivo evaluations. Livestock Production Science 90, 135-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301622604000661

Barahona R, Lascano CE, Narvaez N, Owen E, Morris P and Theodorou MK (2003) In vitro degradability of mature and immature leaves of tropical forage legumes differing in condensed tannin and non-starch polysaccharide content and composition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 83, 1256-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1534

Ben Salem H, Salem IB, Nefzaoui A and Saı̈d MSB (2003) Effect of PEG and olive cake feed blocks supply on feed intake, digestion, and health of goats given kermes oak (Quercus coccifera L.) foliage. Animal Feed Science and Technology 110, 45-59. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840103002153

H.P.S M (2003) Effects and fate of tannins in ruminant animals, adaptation to tannins, and strategies to overcome detrimental effects of feeding tannin-rich feeds. Small Ruminant Research 49, 241-56. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448803001421

Phillips N, Bond BJ, McDowell NG, Ryan MG and Schauer A (2003) Leaf area compounds height-related hydraulic costs of water transport in Oregon White Oak trees. Functional Ecology 17, 832-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2003.00791.x

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Lawson ET, Mousseau TA, Klaper R, Hunter MD and Werren JH (2001) Rickettsia associated with male-killing in a buprestid beetle. Heredity 86, 497-505. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2540.2001.00848.x

Merkel RC, Toerien C, Sahlu T and Blanche C (2001) Digestibility, N balance and blood metabolite levels in Alpine goat wethers fed either water oak or shining sumac leaves. Small Ruminant Research 40, 123-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448800002200

O’Connell JE and Fox PF (2001) Significance and applications of phenolic compounds in the production and quality of milk and dairy products: a review. International Dairy Journal 11, 103-20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0958694601000334

Provencher L, Herring BJ, Gordon DR, Rodgers HL, Galley KEM, Tanner GW, Hardesty JL and Brennan LA (2001) Effects of Hardwood Reduction Techniques on Longleaf Pine Sandhill Vegetation in Northwest Florida. Restoration Ecology 9, 13-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1526-100x.2001.009001013.x

Provencher L, Litt AR, Gordon DR, Rodgers HL, Herring BJ, Galley KEM, McAdoo JP, McAdoo SJ, Gobris NM and Hardesty JL (2001) Restoration Fire and Hurricanes in Longleaf Pine Sandhills. Ecological Rest. 19, 92-8. http://er.uwpress.org

Singh B, Bhat TK and Sharma OP (2001) Biodegradation of tannic acid in an in vitro ruminal system. Livestock Production Science 68, 259-62. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030162260000227X

Anonymous (2000) Keyword index. Tree Physiol 20, 1257-65. http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org

Beckage B and Stout IJ (2000) Effects of repeated burning on species richness in a Florida pine savanna: A test of the intermediate disturbance hypothesis. Journal of Vegetation Science 11, 113-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3236782

Donovan LA, West JB and McLeod KW (2000) Quercus species differ in water and nutrient characteristics in a resource-limited fall-line sandhill habitat. Tree Physiol 20, 929-36. http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/20/14/929

El hassan SM, Lahlou Kassi A, Newbold CJ and Wallace RJ (2000) Chemical composition and degradation characteristics of foliage of some African multipurpose trees. Animal Feed Science and Technology 86, 27-37. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840100001589

Nadkarni NM (2000) Colonization of Stripped Branch Surfaces by Epiphytes in a Lower Montane Cloud Forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica1. Biotropica 32, 358-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2000.tb00479.x

Outcalt KW (2000) Keyword index

The Longleaf Pine Ecosystem of the South. Tree Physiol 20, 1257-65. http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org

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Shinwari MI and Khan MA (2000) Folk use of medicinal herbs of Margalla Hills National Park, Islamabad. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 69, 45-56. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887419900135X

Becker K and Makkar HPS (1999) Effects of dietary tannic acid and quebracho tannin on growth performance and metabolic rates of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Aquaculture 175, 327-35. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0044848699001064

Ben Salem H, Nefzaoui A, Ben Salem L and Tisserand JL (1999) Intake, digestibility, urinary excretion of purine derivatives and growth by sheep given fresh, air-dried or polyethylene glycol-treated foliage of Acacia cyanophylla Lindl. Animal Feed Science and Technology 78, 297-311. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840198002776

Carter RE, MacKenzie MD and H. Gjerstad D (1999) Ecological land classification in the Southern Loam Hills of south Alabama. Forest Ecology and Management 114, 395-404. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112798003703

J.A L (1999) New approaches in the preparation of high dietary fibre powders from fruit by-products. Trends in Food Science &amp; Technology 10, 3-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924224499000163

Kumar RA, Gunasekaran P and Lakshmanan M (1999) Biodegradation of tannic acid by Citrobacter freundii isolated from a tannery effluent. Journal of Basic Microbiology 39, 161-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-4028(199906)39:3<161::AID-JOBM161>3.0.CO;2-U

Maasdorp BV, Muchenje V and Titterton M (1999) Palatability and effect on dairy cow milk yield of dried fodder from the forage trees Acacia boliviana, Calliandra calothyrsus and Leucaena leucocephala. Animal Feed Science and Technology 77, 49-59. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840198002326

Palani V, Senthilkumaran RK and Govindasamy S (1999) Biochemical evaluation of antitumor effect of Muthu Marunthu (a herbal formulation) on experimental fibrosarcoma in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 65, 257-65. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874198001597

Singh P, Verma AK, Dass RS and Mehra UR (1999) Performance of pashmina kid goats fed oak (Quercus semecarpifolia) leaves supplemented with a urea molasses mineral block. Small Ruminant Research 31, 239-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448898001424

Balogun RO, Jones RJ and Holmes JHG (1998) Digestibility of some tropical browse species varying in tannin content. Animal Feed Science and Technology 76, 77-88. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840198002107

Dhirendra Datt D (1998) Forests, farms and peasants: Agrarian economy and ecological change in the U.P. hills, 1815--1947. Studies in History 14, 349-71. http://sih.sagepub.com

Noel JM, Platt WJ and Moser EB (1998) Structural Characteristics of Old- and Second-Growth Stands of Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) in the Gulf Coastal Region of the U.S.A. Conservation Biology 12, 533-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.1998.96124.x

Owen LA and Sharma MC (1998) Rates and magnitudes of paraglacial fan formation in the Garhwal Himalaya: implications for landscape evolution. Geomorphology 26, 171-84. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X98000579

Priolo A, Lanza M, Biondi L, Pappalardo P and Young OA (1998) Effect of partially replacing dietary barley with 20% carob pulp on post-weaning growth, and carcass and meat characteristics of Comisana lambs. Meat Science 50, 355-63. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0309174098000412

Singh P, Verma AK, Pathak NN and Biswas JC (1998) Nutritive value of oak (Quercus semecarpifolia) leaves in pashmina kids. Animal Feed Science and Technology 72, 183-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840197001740

Anonymous (1997) ENDANGERED SPECIES. Ecological Rest. 15, 99-a-101. http://er.uwpress.org

Dalzell SA and Shelton HM (1997) Methods of field preservation and selection of sample tissue for condensed tannin analysis in Leucaena species. Animal Feed Science and Technology 68, 353-60. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840197000539

Liu C, Harcombe PA and Knox RG (1997) Effects of prescribed fire on the composition of woody plant communities in southeastern Texas. Journal of Vegetation Science 8, 495-504. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3237201

Ndlovu LR and Nherera FV (1997) Chemical composition and relationship to in vitro gas production of Zimbabwean browsable indigenous tree species. Animal Feed Science and Technology 69, 121-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840197816276

Salawu MB, Acamovic T, Stewart CS and Hovell FDD (1997) Quebracho tannins with or without Browse Plus (a commercial preparation of polyethylene glycol) in sheep diets: Effect on digestibility of nutrients in vivo and degradation of grass hay in sacco and in vitro. Animal Feed Science and Technology 69, 67-78. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840197816239

Salem HB, Nefzaoui A, Salem LB and Tisserand JL (1997) Effect of Acacia cyanophylla Lindl. foliage supply on intake and digestion by sheep fed lucerne hay-based diets. Animal Feed Science and Technology 68, 101-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840197000151

Bhat TK, Makkar HPS and Singh B (1996) Isolation of a tannin-protein complex-degrading fungus from faeces of hill cattle. Letters in Applied Microbiology 22, 257-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-765X.1996.tb01155.x

Makkar HPS, Goodchild AV, El-Moneim AMA and Becker K (1996) Cell-Constituents, Tannin Levels by Chemical and Biological Assays and Nutritional Value of Some Legume Foliage and Straws. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 71, 129-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199605)71:1<129::AID-JSFA558>3.0.CO;2-L

Nakagawa T, Yasuda Y and Tabata H (1996) Pollen morphology of Himalayan Pinus and Quercus and its importance in palynological studies in Himalayan area. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 91, 317-29. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0034666795000720

Silanikove N, Gilboa N, Perevolotsky A and Nitsan Z (1996) Goats fed tannin-containing leaves do not exhibit toxic syndromes. Small Ruminant Research 21, 195-201. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0921448895008330

Singh P, Biswas JC, Somvanshi R, Verma AK, Deb SM and Dey RA (1996) Performance of pashmina (Cheghu) goats fed on oak (Quercus semecarpifolia) leaves. Small Ruminant Research 22, 123-30. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092144889600870X

Bae HD, McAllister TA, Yanke J, Cheng KJ and Muir AD (1995) WOODLANDS

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Makkar HPS, Becker K, Abel H and Szegletti C (1995) Degradation of condensed tannins by rumen microbes exposed to quebracho tannins (QT) in rumen simulation technique (RUSITEC) and effects of QT on fermentative processes in the RUSITEC. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 69, 495-500. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740690414

Makkar HPS, Blümmel M and Becker K (1995) In vitro effects of and interactions between tannins and saponins and fate of tannins in the rumen. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 69, 481-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740690413

Makkar HPS and Singh B (1995) Determination of condensed tannins in complexes with fibre and proteins. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 69, 129-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740690119

Narjisse H, Elhonsali MA and Olsen JD (1995) Effects of oak (Quercus ilex) tannins on digestion and nitrogen balance in sheep and goats. Small Ruminant Research 18, 201-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0921448895007000

Anonymous (1994) Subject index. Animal Feed Science and Technology 50, 229-331. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0377840194900035

Anonymous (1994) Author index. Animal Feed Science and Technology 50, 183-228. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0377840194900027

Ellis S, Taylor DM and Masood KR (1994) Soil formation and erosion in the Murree Hills, northeast Pakistan. CATENA 22, 69-78. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0341816294900663

Makkar HPS, Singh B and Kamra DN (1994) Biodegradation of tannins in oak (Quercus incana) leaves by Sporotrichum pulverulentum. Letters in Applied Microbiology 18, 39-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-765X.1994.tb00795.x

Woodfolk JA, Hayden ML, Miller JD, Rose G, Chapman MD and Platts-Mills TAE (1994) Chemical treatment of carpets to reduce allergen: A detailed study of the effects of tannic acid on indoor allergens. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 94, 19-26. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0091674994900663

Anonymous (1993) Author index. Animal Feed Science and Technology 41, 344-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0377840193900088

Anonymous (1993) Contents of volume 39. Bioresource Technology 43, i-ix. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/096085249390092P

Anonymous (1993) Contents of Animal Feed Science and Technology, volume 41. Animal Feed Science and Technology 41, 347-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0377840193900099

Delobel B and Grenier AM (1993) Effect of non-cereal food on cereal weevils and tamarind pod weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research 29, 7-14. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022474X9390014U

Jansman AJM, Verstegen MWA and Huisman J (1993) Effects of dietary inclusion of hulls of faba beans (Vicia faba L.) with a low and high content of condensed tannins on digestion and some physiological parameters in piglets. Animal Feed Science and Technology 43, 239-57. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0377840193900804

Khazaal K, Markantonatos X, Nastis A and Ørskov ER (1993) Changes with maturity in fibre composition and levels of extractable polyphenols in Greek browse: Effects on in vitro gas production and in sacco dry matter degradation. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 63, 237-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740630210

Makkar HPS, Blümmel M, Borowy NK and Becker K (1993) Gravimetric determination of tannins and their correlations with chemical and protein precipitation methods. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 61, 161-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740610205

Makkar HPS and Singh B (1993) Effect of storage and urea addition on detannification and in sacco dry matter digestibility of mature oak (Quercus incana) leaves. Animal Feed Science and Technology 41, 247-59. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037784019390017E

Rajendra Kumar J (1993) Fuelwood characteristics of some tropical trees of India. Biomass and Bioenergy 4, 461-4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/096195349390068F

Von Kätzel R and Möller K (1993) Der Einfluß schwefeldioxidbelasteter Wirtspflanzen auf den Entwicklungserfolg von Bupalus piniarius L. (Lep., Geometridae) und Dendrolimus pini L. (Lep., Lasiocampidae). Journal of Applied Entomology 116, 50-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.1993.tb01167.x

Anonymous (1992) Contents of volume 35. Bioresource Technology 39, i-xii. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0960852492900645

Anonymous (1992) Bibliography on carbohydrate polymers. Carbohydrate Polymers 17, 75-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/014486179290027N

Bhatt AK, Bhalla TC, Agrawal HO and Sharma N (1992) Enhanced degradation of gamma-irradiated lignocelluloses by a new xylanolytic Flavobacterium sp. isolated from soil. Letters in Applied Microbiology 15, 1-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-765X.1992.tb00708.x

Garg SK, Makkar HP, Nagal KB, Sharma SK, Wadhwa DR and Singh B (1992) Oak (Quercus incana) leaf poisoning in cattle. Vet Hum Toxicol 34, 161-4.

Garg SK, Makkar HPS, Nagal KB, Sharma SK, Wadhwa DR and Singh B (1992) Oak (Quercus incana) leaf poisoning in cattle. Veterinary and human toxicology. 34, 161-4.

Makkar HPS and Singh B (1992) Effect of wood ash on tannin content of oak (Quercus incana) leaves. Bioresource Technology 41, 85-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0960852492901035

Makkar HPS and Singh B (1992) Detannification of oak (Quercus incana) leaves: treatments and their optimization. Animal Feed Science and Technology 36, 113-27. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037784019290091J

Makkar HPS and Singh B (1992) Effect of Steaming and Autoclaving Oak (Quercus incana) leaves on levels of tannins, fibre and lignin and in-sacco dry matter digestibility. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 59, 469-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740590407

Anonymous (1991) Contents of volume 37. Bioresource Technology 37, 281-3. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/096085249190196Q

Makkar HPS, Dawra RK and Singh B (1991) Tannin levels in leaves of some oak species at different stages of maturity. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 54, 513-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740540403

Makkar HPS and Singh B (1991) Composition, tannin levels and in-sacco dry matter digestibility of fresh and fallen oak (Quercus incana) leaves. Bioresource Technology 37, 185-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0960852491902093

Makkar HPS and Singh B (1991) Distribution of condensed tannins (proanthocyanidins) in various fibre fractions in young and mature leaves of some oak species. Animal Feed Science and Technology 32, 253-60. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037784019190030V

Makkar HPS and Singh B (1991) Effect of drying conditions on tannin, fibre and lignin levels in mature oak (Quercus incana) leaves. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 54, 323-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740540302

Anonymous (1990) Subject index. Tree Physiol 7, 349-67. http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org

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Kumar R and Vaithiyanathan S (1990) Occurrence, nutritional significance and effect on animal productivity of tannins in tree leaves. Animal Feed Science and Technology 30, 21-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037784019090049E

Makkar HPS, Singh B and Negi SS (1990) Tannin levels and their degree of polymerisation and specific activity in some agro-industrial by-products. Biological Wastes 31, 137-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/026974839090167Q

Pacioni G, Bellina-Agostinone C and D’Antonio M (1990) Odour composition of the Tuber melanosporum complex. Mycological Research 94, 201-4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095375620980614X

Anonymous (1989) Selected bibliography. Phytotherapy Research 3, iv-xii. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2650030313

Negi SS, Singh B and Makkar HPS (1989) Influence of method of calculation and length of period of rumen fermentation on the effective degradability of dry matter and nitrogen in some tree forages. Animal Feed Science and Technology 26, 309-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0377840189900436

Singh B, Makkar HPS and Negi SS (1989) Rate and Extent of Digestion and Potentially Digestible Dry Matter and Cell Wall of Various Tree Leaves. Journal of Dairy Science 72, 3233-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030289794820

Dawra RK, Makkar HP and Singh B (1988) Protein-binding capacity of microquantities of tannins. Anal Biochem 170, 50-3.

Dawra RK, Makkar HPS and Singh B (1988) Protein-binding capacity of microquantities of tannins. Analytical Biochemistry 170, 50-3. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0003269788900887

Makkar HP, Singh B and Dawra RK (1988) Effect of tannin-rich leaves of oak (Quercus incana) on various microbial enzyme activities of the bovine rumen. Br J Nutr 60, 287-96.

Makkar HPS, And RKD and Singh B (1988) Changes in tannin content, polymerisation and protein precipitation capacity in oak (Quercus incana) leaves with maturity. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 44, 301-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740440403

Zhang BC and Minter DW (1988) Tuber himalayense sp. nov. with notes on Himalayan truffles. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 91, 593-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153688800329

Makkar HP, Dawra RK and Singh B (1987) Protein precipitation assay for quantitation of tannins: determination of protein in tannin-protein complex. Anal Biochem 166, 435-9.

Makkar HPS, Dawra RK and Singh B (1987) Protein precipitation assay for quantitation of tannins: Determination of protein in tannin-protein complex. Analytical Biochemistry 166, 435-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0003269787905963

Ahmad R, Ahmad I, Mannan A, Ahmad F and Osman SM (1986) Studies on minor seed oils XI. Fette, Seifen, Anstrichmittel 88, 147-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lipi.19860880408

Akdemir H, Demir I, Emiroglu S and Marquard R (1986) Untersuchungen über Qualitätseigenschaften von Baumwollsamen an Zuchtmaterial aus der Türkei. Fette, Seifen, Anstrichmittel 88, 148-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lipi.19860880409

Rebolé A and Alvira P (1986) Composition of vine-branches with leaves of Vitis vinifera L. fresh and ensiled using different additives (previous results). Animal Feed Science and Technology 16, 89-97. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0377840186900520

S.S N (1985) A review on the utilization of agricultural wastes as feeds for livestock and experimental safeguards against erroneous conclusions. Agricultural Wastes 13, 93-103. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0141460785900162

A S (1984) Acantharia, Gibbera and their anamorphs. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 82, 507-29. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153684800169

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Malik I, Seth PK and Southwick CH (1984) Population growth of free-ranging rhesus monkeys at Tughlaqabad. American Journal of Primatology 7, 311-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.1350070402

Aas O (1983) The genus Coprotus (Pezizales) in Norway. Nordic Journal of Botany 3, 253-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.1983.tb01075.x

Gaston AJ, Garson PJ and Hunter Jr ML (1983) The status and conservation of forest wildlife in Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas. Biological Conservation 27, 291-314. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0006320783900885

Lohan OP, Lall D, Vaid J and Negi SS (1983) Utilization of oak tree (Quercus incana) fodder in cattle rations and fate of oak-leaf tannins in the ruminant system. Indian journal of animal sciences. 53, 1057-62.

Srivastava SL and Kumari R (1983) Powdery mildew of oak from Garhwal. Indian phytopathology. 36., 552-3.

Harsh NSK and Bisht NS (1982) Altitudinal distribution of some common wood-decaying fungi in Kumaun, India. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 79, 182-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153682802155

S.S N (1982) Tannins in sal seed (Shorea robusta) and sal seed meal limit their utilization as livestock feeds. Animal Feed Science and Technology 7, 161-83. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0377840182900517

Gupta R and Agrawal M (1981) Investigation of inorganic constituents from ash of leaves and bark of some medicinally important plants. Herba Hungarica., 2.

Lohan OP and Negi SS (1981) Fractionation of tannins in oak tree leaves. Indian journal of animal sciences. 51, 1019-25.

Chandler RF and Hooper SN (1979) Friedelin and associated triterpenoids. Phytochemistry 18, 711-24. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0031942279800023

Chandra JP and Mahindru JL (1977) Propagation of Quercus incana by the air layering. Indian forester 103, 8.

Halls LK and Station USSFE (1977) Bluejack oak Quercus incana Bartr.  16, 16.

Anonymous (1976) C. Kennzeichnung der beiden Biotope. Advances in Ethology 40, 10-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0310.1976.tb00112.x

Anonymous (1976) B. Beobachtungsmethoden und Material. Advances in Ethology 40, 7-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0310.1976.tb00111.x

Anonymous (1976) Zusammenfassung. Advances in Ethology 40, 150-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0310.1976.tb00115.x

Anonymous (1976) E. Sozialverhalten der Languren in den beiden Biotopen. Advances in Ethology 40, 80-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0310.1976.tb00114.x

Yukimaru S (1976) Characteristics of the ecology of the Himalayan langurs. Journal of Human Evolution 5, 249-77. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0047248476900294

Bahadur KN (1975) A name change for Quercus incana Roxb. is inevitable. Indian forester 101, 1.

D.L H (1975) Chaetoceratostoma turc. &amp; maffei, a genus to be rejected. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 64, 447-53. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153675801434

Meher-Homji VM (1973) A Phytoclimatic Approach to the Problem of Mediterraneity in the Indo-Pakistan Sub-Continent. Feddes Repertorium 83, 757-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fedr.19730830907

Chawla JS and Sharma AN (1972) Hardwoods for paper. Indian pulp & paper. 26, 9.

Pal RN, Pachauri VC and Negi SS (1972) Comparative nutritive value of oak (Quercus incana) kernels vis-a-vis maize for cattle. Indian journal of animal sciences 42, 5.

Kaushal JR, Gill RS and Negi SS (1971) Utilisation of oak (Quercus incana) kernels in poultry mashes. Indian veterinary journal 48, 4.

Ofcarcik RP and Burns EE (1971) CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SELECTED ACORNS. Journal of Food Science 36, 576-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1971.tb15133.x

M S (1970) Friedelin and epifriedelinol from the bark of Prunus turfosa and a review of their natural distribution. Phytochemistry 9, 2209-15. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003194220085387X

Bate-Smith EC, Davenport SM and Harborne JB (1967) Comparative biochemistry of flavonoids-III. : A correlation between chemistry and plant geography in the genus Eucryphia. Phytochemistry 6, 1407-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942200828836

Roonwal ML, Chatterjee PN and Thapa RS (1962) Experiments on the control of Lymantria mathura Moore (Lepidoptera, Lymantriidae) in the egg and larval stages in India, with general suggestions for its control. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 50, 463-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.1962.tb04444.x

Bose SK (1961) Studies on Massarina Sacc. and Related Genera. Journal of Phytopathology 41, 151-213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0434.1961.tb04048.x

Corner EJH, Thind KS and Dev S (1958) The clavariaceae of the Mussoorie Hills (India). IX. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 41, 203-IN2. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153658800327

Reid DA, Thind KS and Adlakha KL (1958) The thelephoraceae of the mussoorie Hills (India). II. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 41, 129-IN11. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153658800170

Corner EJH, Thind KS and Anand GPS (1956) The Clavariaceae of the Mussoorie Hills (India). II. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 39, 475-IN6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153656800788

Anonymous (1948) Procedings of the Annual Meeting held on 21st January, 1948. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series C. Journal of Meetings 13, 3-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1946-150X.1948.tb00769.x

Kleine R (1935) Die Borkenkäfer (Ipidae) und ihre Standpflanzen. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 21, 123-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.1935.tb00395.x

Imms AD (1913) XII. Contributions to a Knowledge of the Structure and Biology of some Indian Insects.–II. On Embia major, sp. nov., from the Himalayas. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 2nd Series: Zoology 11, 167-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1913.tb00486.x

Moore F (1862) XXIV. On the Asiatic Silk-producing Moths. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 11, 313-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1862.tb01281.x

Adnan M and HÖlscher D Medicinal plants in old-growth, degraded and re-growth forests of NW Pakistan. Forest Ecology and Management 261, 2105-14. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112711001472

Das M, Royer TV and Leff LG Interactions between aquatic bacteria and an aquatic hyphomycete on decomposing maple leaves. Fungal Ecology. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1754504811001206

Duan W, Kotlia BS and Tan M Mineral composition and structure of the stalagmite laminae from Chulerasim cave, Indian Himalaya, and the significance for palaeoclimatic reconstruction. Quaternary International. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618212002030

Harper RJ, Okom AEA, Stilwell AT, Tibbett M, Dean C, George SJ, Sochacki SJ, Mitchell CD, Mann SS and Dods K Reforesting degraded agricultural landscapes with Eucalypts: Effects on carbon storage and soil fertility after 26&#xa0;years. Agriculture, Ecosystems &amp; Environment. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880912001041

Ivory SJ and Lézine A-M Climate and environmental change at the end of the Holocene Humid Period: A pollen record off Pakistan. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 341, 760-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1631071309000078

Katiki LM, Ferreira JFS, Gonzalez JM, Zajac AM, Lindsay DS, Chagas ACS and Amarante AFT Anthelmintic effect of plant extracts containing condensed and hydrolyzable tannins on Caenorhabditis elegans, and their antioxidant capacity. Veterinary Parasitology 192, 218-27. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304401712005262

Kirchoff BK, Leggett R, Her V, Moua C, Morrison J and Poole C Principles of visual key construction-with a visual identification key to the Fagaceae of the southeastern United States. AoB Plants 2011, plr005-. http://aobpla.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/2011/0/plr005

Kotlia BS, Ahmad SM, Zhao J-X, Raza W, Collerson KD, Joshi LM and Sanwal J Climatic fluctuations during the LIA and post-LIA in the Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, India: Evidence from a 400Â y old stalagmite record. Quaternary International 263, 129-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618212000407

Kotlia BS, Sanwal J, Phartiyal B, Joshi LM, Trivedi A and Sharma C Late Quaternary climatic changes in the eastern Kumaun Himalaya, India, as deduced from multi-proxy studies. Quaternary International 213, 44-55. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618209002997

Krueger WK, Gutierrez-Bañuelos H, Carstens GE, Min BR, Pinchak WE, Gomez RR, Anderson RC, Krueger NA and Forbes TDA Effects of dietary tannin source on performance, feed efficiency, ruminal fermentation, and carcass and non-carcass traits in steers fed a high-grain diet. Animal Feed Science and Technology 159, 1-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840110001719

Liu H, Zhou D, Tong J and Vaddella V Influence of chestnut tannins on welfare, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and lipid oxidation in rabbits under high ambient temperature. Meat Science 90, 164-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0309174011002348

Loudermilk EL, Cropper Jr WP, Mitchell RJ and Lee H Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) and hardwood dynamics in a fire-maintained ecosystem: A simulation approach. Ecological Modelling 222, 2733-50. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304380011002626

Maamouri O, Atti N, Kraiem K and Mahouachi M Effects of concentrate and Acacia cyanophylla foliage supplementation on nitrogen balance and milk production of grazing ewes. Livestock Science 139, 264-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871141311000382

Mapiye C, Chimonyo M, Marufu MC and Dzama K Utility of Acacia karroo for beef production in Southern African smallholder farming systems: A review. Animal Feed Science and Technology 164, 135-46. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037784011100023X

Mokhtarpour A, Naserian AA, Tahmasbi AM and Valizadeh R Effect of feeding pistachio by-products silage supplemented with polyethylene glycol and urea on Holstein dairy cows performance in early lactation. Livestock Science. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871141312002168

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PÉrez Vn, Doce RR, GarcÍa-Pariente C, HervÁs G, Carmen Ferreras M, MantecÓn ÃnR and Frutos P Oak leaf (Quercus pyrenaica) poisoning in cattle. Research in Veterinary Science 91, 269-77. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034528811000166

Patra AK Meta-analyses of effects of phytochemicals on digestibility and rumen fermentation characteristics associated with methanogenesis. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 90, 2700-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4143

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Rawla GS, Sarwal BM and Arya S Cellulolytic activity of Sarcoxylon compunctum (Jungh.) Cooke. Contemporary trends in plant sciences / editor, S.C. Verma., 135-9.

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Vasta V, Yanez-Ruiz DR, Mele M, Serra A, Luciano G, Lanza M, Biondi L and Priolo A Bacterial and Protozoal Communities and Fatty Acid Profile in the Rumen of Sheep Fed a Diet Containing Added Tannins. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 76, 2549-55. http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/76/8/2549

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


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